The Logistics Impact of a Mixture of Order-Streams in a Manufacturer-Retailer System
AbstractWe model a supply chain with two retail warehouses that place replenishment orders with a common manufacturing capacity. The two retailers differ in the variability of their order-streams. The order-stream from one retail warehouse is modeled as a Poisson process and from the other as a hyperexponential renewal process. Each retail warehouse uses a base-stock policy to place replenishment orders with the manufacturer. The manufacturer is modeled as a first-come-first-serve, single exponential server queue. We analyze the supply-side impact of this mixture of order-streams received by the manufacturer on both retailers. An exact analysis of this base-model generates closed-form expressions for distributions of the lead-time, outstanding orders, and expected inventory costs for each retailer, and leads to comparative results about the two retailers- performance measures. The base-model is extended to accommodate finished goods at the manufacturer, more than two retailers, and bulk-arrivals. We use the model to suggest managerial insights about the impact of the presence of a high-variability retailer on other retailers who share capacity, the distorting impact of manufacturer finished goods inventory on retailer incentives, and the incentives for retailers to participate in variability-reduction programs in the grocery industry.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by INFORMS in its journal Management Science.
Volume (Year): 49 (2003)
Issue (Month): 7 (July)
Queues with Multiple Arrival Processes; Retail Promotions; Stochastic Inventory/Production Systems;
You can help add them by filling out this form.
CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
- Sanajian, Nima & BalcIog[small tilde]lu, BarIs, 2009. "The impact of production time variability on make-to-stock queue performance," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 194(3), pages 847-855, May.
- Jain, Apurva, 2007. "Value of capacity pooling in supply chains with heterogeneous customers," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 177(1), pages 239-260, February.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Mirko Janc).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.