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Market Application of the Fuzzy-Stochastic Approach in the Heston Option Pricing Model

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Abstract

The present study analyzes the extra insights that option pricing models may achieve when uncertainty about parameters is modeled through fuzzy numbers. Specifically, the authors consider the Heston stochastic volatility model, which assumes that stock price changes and their instantaneous variance evolve as a bivariate, possibly correlated, diffusive process. The original Heston model provides a quasi-closed formula for the pricing of several derivative products such as European options. By applying the fuzzy extension principle, the authors generalize the model to the case of fuzzy parameters; given their shape the authors are able to derive the membership of the fuzzy price of a European option. Finally, to understand the extent to which their approach might be useful in practice, they give a numerical illustration of their procedure on the S&P 500 and VIX indexes. As a by-product of their research, a simple estimation method is introduced to obtain (crisp) parameters in the Heston model under the risk-neutral measure and applied in the sequel of the paper to obtain alternative shapes for the fuzzy parameters of the model.

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Article provided by Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences in its journal Finance a uver - Czech Journal of Economics and Finance.

Volume (Year): 62 (2012)
Issue (Month): 2 (May)
Pages: 162-179

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Handle: RePEc:fau:fauart:v:62:y:2012:i:2:p:162-179

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Keywords: fuzzy numbers; stochastic volatility; risk-neutral measure; option pricing;

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  1. Tim Bollerslev & Hao Zhou, 2001. "Estimating stochastic volatility diffusion using conditional moments of integrated volatility," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2001-49, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
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