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The Diversification-Performance relationship in Spanish Firms: Does The CEO/S Behaviour Style matter?

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  • Almudena Martinez-Campillo
  • Roberto Fernandez-Gago
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    Abstract

    The agency-stewardship theoretical framework posits that CEOs may choose to act as agents or as stewards. CEOs as agents are economically rational individuals driven by self-interest, whereas CEOs as stewards are self-actualizing individuals that behave pro-organizationally. Our study extends this framework to analyze whether the CEO/s behavior style affects the diversification-performance relationship. After applying Heckman/s method on a sample of Spanish firms, our results verify that diversification affects positively on firm performance and such effect is significantly strong when this strategy is managed and implemented by a CEO inclined to behave as steward.

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    File URL: http://www.ersj.eu/repec/ers/papers/08_12_p5.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by European Research Studies Journal in its journal European Research Studies Journal.

    Volume (Year): XI (2008)
    Issue (Month): 1-2 ()
    Pages: 57-70

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    Handle: RePEc:ers:journl:v:xi:y:2008:i:1-2:p:57-70

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    Web page: http://www.ersj.eu/

    Related research

    Keywords: Diversification strategy; firm performance; CEOs behavior style; agent; steward;

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    1. Rajesh K. Aggarwal & Andrew A. Samwick, 2003. "Why Do Managers Diversify Their Firms? Agency Reconsidered," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 58(1), pages 71-118, 02.
    2. Panayiotis Courtis, 2003. "DU PONT Ratio: A comprehensive measure of business performance," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(1-2), pages 21-34, January -.
    3. Denis, David J & Denis, Diane K & Sarin, Atulya, 1997. " Agency Problems, Equity Ownership, and Corporate Diversification," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 52(1), pages 135-60, March.
    4. Desai, Ashay & Kroll, Mark & Wright, Peter, 2005. "Outside board monitoring and the economic outcomes of acquisitions: a test of the substitution hypothesis," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 58(7), pages 926-934, July.
    5. Chrisman, James J. & Chua, Jess H. & Kellermanns, Franz W. & Chang, Erick P.C., 2007. "Are family managers agents or stewards? An exploratory study in privately held family firms," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 60(10), pages 1030-1038, October.
    6. Belén Villalonga, 2004. "Diversification Discount or Premium? New Evidence from the Business Information Tracking Series," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 59(2), pages 479-506, 04.
    7. Heckman, James J, 1979. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(1), pages 153-61, January.
    8. Jensen, Michael C. & Meckling, William H., 1976. "Theory of the firm: Managerial behavior, agency costs and ownership structure," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 305-360, October.
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