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Economic Transition As a Crisis of Vision: Classical versus Neoclassical Theories of General Equilibrium

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  • John Peters

    (University of Southern California
    School for International Traning)

  • John Elliott

    (University of Southern California)

  • Stephen Cullenberg

    ()
    (Economics Department, University of California, Riverside)

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    Abstract

    In this paper we compare the classical general equilibrium framework of Smith and Marx with the neoclassical one of Arrow and Debreu, and find that these competing paradigms of equilibrium clash on a number of critical issues--efficiency, power, the role of markets, time, the nature of exchanges, and the importance of institutions. We argue that it is primarily a neoclassical, Arrow-Debreu vision of the economy that underlies current shock therapy policy recommendations, and that such policy advice has often had devastating effects on the transitional economies. As an alternative, we re-examine transition and economic reform through the theories of the classical economists to suggest policy recommendations.

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    File URL: http://college.holycross.edu/RePEc/eej/Archive/Volume28/V28N2P217_240.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Eastern Economic Association in its journal Eastern Economic Journal.

    Volume (Year): 28 (2002)
    Issue (Month): 2 (Spring)
    Pages: 217-240

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    Handle: RePEc:eej:eeconj:v:28:y:2002:i:2:p:217-240

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    Web page: http://www.ramapo.edu/eea/journal.html
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    Related research

    Keywords: Arrow Debreu; Equilibrium; General Equilibrium; Neo Classical; Neoclassical;

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    1. Rosenberg, Alexander, 1992. "Economics--Mathematical Politics or Science of Diminishing Returns?," University of Chicago Press Economics Books, University of Chicago Press, edition 1, number 9780226727233, April.
    2. Bloom, David E. & Malaney, Pia N., 1998. "Macroeconomic consequences of the Russian mortality crisis," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 26(11), pages 2073-2085, November.
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