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How Do Ethnic Militias Perpetuate in Nigeria? A Micro-level Perspective on the Oodua People's Congress

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  • Guichaoua, Yvan
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    Abstract

    Summary The paper discusses the recently promoted view that organized insurgent violence should either be conducted by activists bonded together by social capital ties or self-interested quasi-mercenaries, depending on the type of financial resources available to the group. We contrast this perspective with the study of an ethnic Nigerian militia, the Oodua People's Congress (OPC). It appears that the success of this militia over time was jointly sustained by important preexisting social connections and numerous opportunities for economic gains. The perpetuation of OPC, we argue, is ensured by a "moral economy" whose members enjoy self-insurance in an environment perceived as unsafe.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal World Development.

    Volume (Year): 38 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 11 (November)
    Pages: 1657-1666

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:38:y:2010:i:11:p:1657-1666

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/worlddev

    Related research

    Keywords: militias; violent mobilization extra-legal governance security Africa Nigeria;

    References

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    1. Avinash Dixit, 2003. "On Modes of Economic Governance," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(2), pages 449-481, March.
    2. Yvan Guichaoua, 2009. "Self-determination group or extra-legal governance agency? The multifaceted nature of the Oodua people's congress in Nigeria," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 21(4), pages 520-533.
    3. Laurence Iannaccone & Eli Berman, 2006. "Religious extremism: The good, the bad, and the deadly," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 128(1), pages 109-129, July.
    4. Collier, Paul & Hoeffler, Anke, 1998. "On Economic Causes of Civil War," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 50(4), pages 563-73, October.
    5. Ehtisham Ahmad & Raju Jan Singh, 2003. "Political Economy of Oil-Revenue Sharing in a Developing Country," IMF Working Papers 03/16, International Monetary Fund.
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    Cited by:
    1. Paul Mosley, 2013. "Two Africas? Why Africa’s ‘Growth Miracle’ is barely reducing poverty," Brooks World Poverty Institute Working Paper Series 19113, BWPI, The University of Manchester.

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