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Growth and Poverty Reduction in Ethiopia: Evidence from Household Panel Surveys

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  • Bigsten, Arne
  • Kebede, Bereket
  • Shimeles, Abebe
  • Taddesse, Mekonnen

Abstract

The paper investigates the poverty impact of growth in Ethiopia by analysing panel data covering the period 1994 to 1997, a period of economic recovery driven by good weather, peace, and much improved macro economic management. Unlike mostdeveloping countries, urban and rural poverty in Ethiopia are not significantly different from each other. The analysis of the structure of poverty shows asset ownership,education, type of crops planted, dependency ratios, and location to be important determinants. Decomposition of changes in poverty into the growth and redistribution components indicates that potential poverty-reduction due to the increase in real per capita income was to some extent counteracted by worsening income distribution. The implications of the results for a pro-poor policy are discussed.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal World Development.

Volume (Year): 31 (2003)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
Pages: 87-106

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Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:31:y:2003:i:1:p:87-106

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  1. Lipton, Michael & Ravallion, Martin, 1995. "Poverty and policy," Handbook of Development Economics, in: Hollis Chenery & T.N. Srinivasan (ed.), Handbook of Development Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 41, pages 2551-2657 Elsevier.
  2. Bigsten , Arne & Levin, Jörgen, 2000. "Growth, Income Distribution, and Poverty: A Review," Working Papers in Economics 32, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
  3. Kakwani, N., 1990. "Poverty And Economic Growth; With Application To Cote D'Ivoire," Papers 90-2, New South Wales - School of Economics.
  4. Dollar, David & Kraay, Aart, 2002. " Growth Is Good for the Poor," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 7(3), pages 195-225, September.
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  8. Coulter, Fiona A E & Cowell, Frank A & Jenkins, Stephen P, 1992. "Equivalence Scale Relativities and the Extent of Inequality and Poverty," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 102(414), pages 1067-82, September.
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  11. Kakwani, N., 1990. "Poverty And Economic Growth: With Application To Cote D'Ivoire," Papers 63, World Bank - Living Standards Measurement.
  12. Deininger, Klaus & Squire, Lyn, 1998. "New ways of looking at old issues: inequality and growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(2), pages 259-287.
  13. Villasenor, JoseA. & Arnold, Barry C., 1989. "Elliptical Lorenz curves," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 327-338, February.
  14. Anand, Sudhir & Kanbur, S. M. R., 1993. "The Kuznets process and the inequality--development relationship," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 25-52, February.
  15. Gary G. Moser & Toshihiro Ichida, 2001. "Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa," IMF Working Papers 01/112, International Monetary Fund.
  16. Datt, Gaurav & Ravallion, Martin, 1992. "Growth and redistribution components of changes in poverty measures : A decomposition with applications to Brazil and India in the 1980s," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 275-295, April.
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