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Persistent Poverty and Excess Inequality: Latin America, 1970-1995

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    Abstract

    This work assesses the changes in aggregate poverty and inequality that have taken place in Latin America during the past 26 years. With this objective, we put together the largest number of observations on income distribution for the region for the period from 1970-1995. We find that poverty and inequality have not declined during the 1990s in spite of improvements at the macroeconomic level. The characteristics of our data allow us to perform various comparisons between countries. Our results show that even though there are differences in levels across countries, inequality and poverty in most of them follow similar trends during the period under study.

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    File URL: http://www.cema.edu.ar/publicaciones/download/volume3/londono_szekely.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Universidad del CEMA in its journal Journal of Applied Economics.

    Volume (Year): III (2000)
    Issue (Month): (May)
    Pages: 93-134

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    Handle: RePEc:cem:jaecon:v:3:y:2000:n:1:p:93-134

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    Keywords: Poverty; Inequality; Latin America;

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    Citations

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    Cited by:
    1. Miguel Székely, 2001. "Los años 90 en América Latina: otra década de desigualdad persistente, pero con un poco menos de pobreza," Research Department Publications, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department 4272, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    2. Claudia Biancotti, 2004. "A Polarization of Polarization? The Distribution of Inequality 1970-1996," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers), Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area 487, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    3. Ángela Jeaneth Ospina Enciso, 2011. "A comparative analysis between the relation of income distribution and economic regional integration in East Asia and Latin America," REVISTA FINANZAS Y POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA DE COLOMBIA, UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA DE COLOMBIA.
    4. Leonardo Gasparini & Pablo Gluzmann, 2009. "Estimating Income Poverty and Inequality from the Gallup World Poll: The Case of Latin America and the Caribbean," CEDLAS, Working Papers, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata 0083, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    5. Miguel Braun & Luciano Di Gresia, 2003. "Towards Effective Social Insurance in Latin America: The Importance of Countercyclical Fiscal Policy," IDB Publications 6508, Inter-American Development Bank.
    6. Miguel Szekely & Nora Lustig & Martin Cumpa & Jose Antonio Mejia, 2004. "Do we know how much poverty there is?," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(4), pages 523-558.
    7. Almas Heshmati, 2006. "Continental And Sub-Continental Income Inequality," The IUP Journal of Applied Economics, IUP Publications, IUP Publications, vol. 0(1), pages 7-52, January.
    8. William Gruben & Darryl McLeod, 2003. "Choosing among rival poverty rates : some tests for Latin America," Center for Latin America Working Papers, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas 0103, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
    9. Facundo Alvaredo & Leonardo Gasparini, 2013. "Recent Trends in Inequality and Poverty in Developing Countries," CEDLAS, Working Papers, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata 0151, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    10. Heshmati, Almas, 2004. "The World Distribution of Income and Income Inequality," IZA Discussion Papers 1267, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    11. Miguel Székely & Nora Lustig & Martin Cumpa & José Antonio Mejía-Guerra, 2000. "¿Sabemos qué tanta pobreza hay?," Research Department Publications, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department 4240, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    12. Miguel Székely, 2001. "Where to From Here? Generating Capabilities and Creating Opportunities for the Poor," Research Department Publications, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department 3128, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    13. Leonardo Gasparini & Guillermo Cruces & Leopoldo Tornarolli & Mariana Marchionni, 2009. "A Turning Point? Recent Developments on Inequality in Latin America and the Caribbean," CEDLAS, Working Papers, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata 0081, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    14. Miguel Székely, 2001. "The 1990s in Latin America: Another Decade of Persistent Inequality, but with Somewhat Lower Poverty," Research Department Publications, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department 4271, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    15. Fortun Vargas, Jonathan M., 2012. "Declining inequality in Bolivia: How and Why," MPRA Paper 41208, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Armando Barrientos, 2013. "Politicising poverty in Latin America in the light of Rawls’ ‘strains of commitment’ argument for a social minimum," Brooks World Poverty Institute Working Paper Series, BWPI, The University of Manchester 18213, BWPI, The University of Manchester.

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