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Children's active travel and independent mobility in four countries: Development, social contributing trends and measures

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Author Info

  • Fyhri, Aslak
  • Hjorthol, Randi
  • Mackett, Roger L.
  • Fotel, Trine Nordgaard
  • Kyttä, Marketta
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    Abstract

    In many countries a decline in children's active and independent mobility, like walking and cycling is registered. In this paper the development of children's mobility in Denmark, Finland, Great Britain and Norway is compared to examine differences and similarities in these countries. Accessible data are used, which implies that not all of them are directly comparable, but they are employed as indicators of development. The trends are the same in these four countries, an increase in car use and decrease in bicycling and walking. Distance to school has increased, both as a result of bigger units and more children in private schools. Traffic is an important reason for taking children to school by car, but convenience for the parents is also part of it. Organized leisure activities has also contributed to less walking and cycling, in addition to more time pressure in families, increased access to car(s) and easier access to parents as a 'transport service' by the help of the mobile phone. The measures that different countries use in trying to meet the challenges of children's mobility tend to focus on the school trip and most often on traffic safety, both at national and local levels.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Transport Policy.

    Volume (Year): 18 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 5 (September)
    Pages: 703-710

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:18:y:2011:i:5:p:703-710

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    Related research

    Keywords: Children Independent mobility Scandinavia Great Britain Development Social trends;

    References

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    1. Hjorthol, Randi & Fyhri, Aslak, 2009. "Do organized leisure activities for children encourage car-use?," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 209-218, February.
    2. Kingham, Simon & Ussher, Shannon, 2007. "An assessment of the benefits of the walking school bus in Christchurch, New Zealand," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 41(6), pages 502-510, July.
    3. Mackett, Roger L. & Lucas, Lindsey & Paskins, James & Turbin, Jill, 2005. "The therapeutic value of children's everyday travel," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 39(2-3), pages 205-219.
    4. Jensen, Søren Underlien, 2008. "How to obtain a healthy journey to school," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 475-486, March.
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    Cited by:
    1. Buckley, Aaron & Lowry, Michael B. & Brown, Helen & Barton, Benjamin, 2013. "Evaluating safe routes to school events that designate days for walking and bicycling," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 294-300.
    2. Elias, Wafa & Katoshevski-Cavari, Rachel, 2014. "The role of socio-economic and environmental characteristics in school-commuting behavior: A comparative study of Jewish and Arab children in Israel," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 79-87.
    3. Mackett, Roger L., 2013. "Children’s travel behaviour and its health implications," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 66-72.
    4. Bjerkan, Kristin Ystmark & Nordtømme, Marianne Elvsaas, 2014. "Car use in the leisure lives of adolescents. Does household structure matter?," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 1-7.

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