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A long term analysis of the mechanisms underlying children’s activity-travel engagements in the Osaka metropolitan area

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Author Info

  • Susilo, Yusak O.

    ()
    (KTH)

  • Waygood , E. Owen D.

    (University of the West of England (UWE), Bristol, UK)

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    Abstract

    Using a series of conventional large-scale household travel surveys conducted in the Osaka metropolitan area of Japan in 1980, 1990 and 2000 this study examines the mechanisms underlying children’s activity and travel engagements and how these mechanisms have changed over time. The results from a structural equation model show that, in the last two decades, children’s trip patterns in the Osaka metropolitan area have become more efficient through greater trip chaining. At the same time, the results also show that boys have become less mobile and their non-school activities tend to be in fewer locations than those of girls. Further, Japanese boys are the ones who travelled by car more frequently than girls. Denser built environments, accessibility by rail transport, and a higher number of school trips have constantly reduced the amount of children’s private car trips in the last three decades. Moreover, private car availability did not significantly increase the amount of children trip chaining in any observed year. This finding goes against the commonly held belief that public transport is less suitable for trip chaining. This is presumably due to the travel environment created by the well developed transit networks and dense land use in the study area.

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    File URL: http://www.transguide.org/SWoPEc/CTS2011-17.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by CTS - Centre for Transport Studies Stockholm (KTH and VTI) in its series Working papers in Transport Economics with number 2011:17.

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    Length: 50 pages
    Date of creation: 13 Dec 2011
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:hhs:ctswps:2011_017

    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: Centrum för Transportstudier (CTS), Teknikringen 10, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
    Web page: http://www.kth.se/abe/om_skolan/organisation/centra/cts

    Related research

    Keywords: Children; Travel behaviour; Over time changes; SEM; The Osaka metropolitan area;

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    References

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    1. Handy, Susan & Cao, Xinyu & Mokhtarian, Patricia L., 2005. "Correlation or causality between the built environment and travel behavior? Evidence from Northern California," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt5b76c5kg, University of California Transportation Center.
    2. Cao, Xinyu (Jason) & Mokhtarian, Patricia L. & Handy, Susan L., 2009. "The relationship between the built environment and nonwork travel: A case study of Northern California," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 43(5), pages 548-559, June.
    3. Golob, Thomas F., 2003. "Structural equation modeling for travel behavior research," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 1-25, January.
    4. repec:cdl:itsdav:1445492 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Antonio Paez & Ruben Gertes Mercado & Steven Farber & Catherine Morency & Matthew Roorda, 2010. "Relative Accessibility Deprivation Indicators for Urban Settings: Definitions and Application to Food Deserts in Montreal," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 47(7), pages 1415-1438, June.
    6. Hjorthol, Randi & Fyhri, Aslak, 2009. "Do organized leisure activities for children encourage car-use?," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 209-218, February.
    7. Patricia L. Mokhtarian & Michael N. Bagley, 2002. "The impact of residential neighborhood type on travel behavior: A structural equations modeling approach," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 36(2), pages 279-297.
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