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When patients portray their conduct as normal and healthy: An interactional challenge for thorough substance use history taking

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  • Denvir, Paul M.
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    Abstract

    Researchers and medical practitioners have argued that routine substance use histories are performed less frequently and less thoroughly than they should be. Previous research has identified a range of structural, attitudinal, and socio-cultural barriers that help to explain this pattern. Using conversation analytic (CA) methods, this paper complements previous work by exploring a potential interactional barrier to thorough substance use history taking in the USA. In response to routine substance use queries (e.g. “Do you drink alcohol?”), patients often do more than just providing information. They also convey normative stances toward their conduct, essentially making a case for how it should be understood by the physician. One stance that patients may take is that their conduct is normal and healthy. This paper describes three interactional practices that patients used to enact such a stance: 1) employing marked lexical, intonational, or interactional features when indicating no use of a substance; 2) volunteering normalizing details about the type, quantity, frequency, or circumstances of substance use; 3) providing minimizing characterizations of substance use. The paper explores some reasons why physicians treated these as appropriate and sufficient responses and did not seek additional details even when the information provided was quite superficial. Two social functions of patients' “normal/healthy” stances are discussed: 1) redirecting the physician's history taking to other topics and 2) presenting oneself as a health-conscious patient. “Normal/healthy” stances can represent an expression of patient agency, but can also present a dilemma for physicians, who must balance a concern for thoroughness with a concern for rapport. Recommendations for navigating this dilemma are discussed.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Social Science & Medicine.

    Volume (Year): 75 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 9 ()
    Pages: 1650-1659

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:75:y:2012:i:9:p:1650-1659

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    Keywords: USA; Physician–patient interaction; Lifestyle; Substance use; Conversation analysis (CA);

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    1. Najman, J. M. & Klein, D. & Munro, C., 1982. "Patient characteristics negatively stereotyped by doctors," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 16(20), pages 1781-1789, January.
    2. Johanson, Marita & Sätterlund Larsson, Ullabeth & Säljö, Roger & Svärdsudd, Kurt, 1998. "Lifestyle discussion in the provision of health care. An empirical study of patient-physician interaction," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 103-112, July.
    3. Larsson, Ullabeth Sätterlund & Säljö, Roger & Aronsson, Karin, 1987. "Patient-doctor communication on smoking and drinking: Lifestyle in medical consultations," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 25(10), pages 1129-1137, January.
    4. Rapley, Tim & May, Carl & Frances Kaner, Eileen, 2006. "Still a difficult business? Negotiating alcohol-related problems in general practice consultations," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 63(9), pages 2418-2428, November.
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