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Out of our inner city backyards: Re-scaling urban environmental health inequity assessment

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Author Info

  • Masuda, Jeffrey R.
  • Teelucksingh, Cheryl
  • Zupancic, Tara
  • Crabtree, Alexis
  • Haber, Rebecca
  • Skinner, Emily
  • Poland, Blake
  • Frankish, Jim
  • Fridell, Mara
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    Abstract

    In this paper, we report the results of a three-year research project (2008–2011) that aimed to identify urban environmental health inequities using a photography-mediated qualitative approach adapted for comparative neighbourhood-level assessment. The project took place in Vancouver, Toronto, and Winnipeg, Canada and involved a total of 49 inner city community researchers who compared environmental health conditions in numerous neighbourhoods across each city. Using the social determinants of health as a guiding framework, community researchers observed a wide range of differences in health-influencing private and public spaces, including sanitation services, housing, parks and gardens, art displays, and community services. The comparative process enabled community researchers to articulate in five distinct ways how such observable conditions represented system level inequities. The findings inform efforts to shift environmental health intervention from constricted action within derelict urban districts to more coordinated mobilization for health equity in the city.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277953612004029
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Social Science & Medicine.

    Volume (Year): 75 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 7 ()
    Pages: 1244-1253

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:75:y:2012:i:7:p:1244-1253

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    Related research

    Keywords: Social determinants of health; Environmental health inequity; Neighbourhood assessment; Photovoice; Participatory action research; Canada;

    References

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    1. Cutts, Bethany B. & Darby, Kate J. & Boone, Christopher G. & Brewis, Alexandra, 2009. "City structure, obesity, and environmental justice: An integrated analysis of physical and social barriers to walkable streets and park access," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 69(9), pages 1314-1322, November.
    2. Chen, W. H. & Myles, John & Picot, Garnett, 2011. "Why Have Poorer Neighbourhoods Stagnated Economically, While the Richer have Flourished? Neighbourhood Income Inequality in Canadian Cities," CLSSRN working papers clsrn_admin-2011-21, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 21 Aug 2011.
    3. Wilkinson, Richard G & Pickett, Kate E., 2006. "Income inequality and population health: A review and explanation of the evidence," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 62(7), pages 1768-1784, April.
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