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Meta-analysis of marital dissolution and mortality: Reevaluating the intersection of gender and age

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  • Shor, Eran
  • Roelfs, David J.
  • Bugyi, Paul
  • Schwartz, Joseph E.
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    Abstract

    The study of marital dissolution (i.e. divorce and separation) and mortality has long been a major topic of interest for social scientists. We conducted meta-analyses and meta-regressions on 625 mortality risk estimates from 104 studies, published between 1955 and 2011, covering 24 countries, and providing data on more than 600 million persons. The mean hazard ratio (HR) for mortality in our meta-analysis was 1.30 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.23–1.37) among HRs adjusted for age and additional covariates. The mean HR was higher for men (HR, 1.37; 95% CI, 1.27–1.49) than for women (HR, 1.22; 95% CI: 1.13–1.32), but the difference between men and women decreases as the mean age increases. Other significant moderators of HR magnitude included sample size; being from Western Europe, Israel, the United Kingdom and former Commonwealth nations; and statistical adjustment for general health status.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Social Science & Medicine.

    Volume (Year): 75 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 46-59

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:75:y:2012:i:1:p:46-59

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    Related research

    Keywords: Meta-analysis; Meta-regression; Marital dissolution; Mortality; Gender; Age;

    References

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    Cited by:
    1. Berntsen, Kjersti Norgård & Kravdal, Øystein, 2012. "The relationship between mortality and time since divorce, widowhood or remarriage in Norway," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 75(12), pages 2267-2274.

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