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Siting a facility in continuous space to maximize coverage of a region


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  • Matisziw, Timothy C.
  • Murray, Alan T.
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    Siting facilities in continuous space such that continuously distributed demand within a region is optimally served is a challenging location problem. This problem is further complicated by the non-convexity of regions typically encountered in practice. In this paper a model for maximizing the service coverage of continuously distributed demand through the location of a single service facility in continuous space is proposed. To address this problem, theoretical conditions are established and associated methods are proposed for optimally siting a service facility in a region (convex or non-convex) with uniformly distributed demand. Through the use of geographic information systems (GIS), the developed approach is applied to identify facility sites that maximize regional coverage provided limitations on facility service ability.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Socio-Economic Planning Sciences.

    Volume (Year): 43 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 2 (June)
    Pages: 131-139

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:soceps:v:43:y:2009:i:2:p:131-139

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    Keywords: Medial axis Maximally enclosed disks Non-convex region Spatial optimization GIS;


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    1. Adenso-Díaz, B. & Rodríguez, F., 1997. "A simple search heuristic for the MCLP: Application to the location of ambulance bases in a rural region," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 181-187, April.
    2. Morton O’Kelly & Alan Murray, 2004. "A lattice covering model for evaluating existing service facilities," Papers in Regional Science, Springer, vol. 83(3), pages 565-580, 07.
    3. Gleason, John M., 1975. "A set covering approach to bus stop location," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 3(5), pages 605-608, October.
    4. Morton O’Kelly & Alan Murray, 2004. "A lattice covering model for evaluating existing service facilities," Economics of Governance, Springer, vol. 83(3), pages 565-580, 07.
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