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Hydrogen as an energy carrier: Prospects and challenges

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  • Mazloomi, Kaveh
  • Gomes, Chandima
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    Abstract

    This paper provides an insight to the feasibility of adopting hydrogen as a key energy carrier and fuel source in the near future. It is shown that hydrogen has several advantages, as well as few drawbacks in using for the above purposes. The research shows that hydrogen will be a key player in storing energy that is wasted at generation stage in large-scale power grids by off-peak diversion to dummy loads. The estimations show that by the year of 2050 there will be a hydrogen demand of over 42 million metric tons or 45 billion gallon gasoline equivalent (GGE) in the United States of America alone which can fuel up 342 million light-duty vehicles for 51×1011miles (82×1011km) travel per year. The production at distributed level has also been discussed. The paper also presents the levels of risk in production, storage and distribution stages and proposes possible techniques to address safety issues. It is shown that the storage in small to medium scale containers is much economical compared to doing the same at large-scale containers. The study concludes that hydrogen has a promising future to be a highly feasible energy carrier and energy source itself at consumer level.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1364032112001220
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews.

    Volume (Year): 16 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 5 ()
    Pages: 3024-3033

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:16:y:2012:i:5:p:3024-3033

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/600126/description#description

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    Related research

    Keywords: Renewable energy; Hydrogen; Electrolysis; Energy conversion; Fuel;

    References

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Farzanegan, Mohammad Reza & Markwardt, Gunther, 2009. "The effects of oil price shocks on the Iranian economy," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 134-151, January.
    2. Botterud, Audun & Yildiz, Bilge & Conzelmann, Guenter & Petri, Mark C., 2008. "Nuclear hydrogen: An assessment of product flexibility and market viability," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 3961-3973, October.
    3. McDowall, William & Eames, Malcolm, 2006. "Forecasts, scenarios, visions, backcasts and roadmaps to the hydrogen economy: A review of the hydrogen futures literature," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(11), pages 1236-1250, July.
    4. Askari, Hossein & Krichene, Noureddine, 2010. "An oil demand and supply model incorporating monetary policy," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 2013-2021.
    5. Gupta, Eshita, 2008. "Oil vulnerability index of oil-importing countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 1195-1211, March.
    6. Zhou, Li, 2005. "Progress and problems in hydrogen storage methods," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 395-408, August.
    7. Hoffman, Peter, 1994. "Hydrogen--the optimum chemical fuel," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 47(2-3), pages 183-199.
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    Cited by:
    1. Koumi Ngoh, Simon & Njomo, Donatien, 2012. "An overview of hydrogen gas production from solar energy," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(9), pages 6782-6792.
    2. Mazloomi, S.K. & Sulaiman, Nasri, 2012. "Influencing factors of water electrolysis electrical efficiency," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(6), pages 4257-4263.
    3. Nasir Uddin, Md. & Daud, W.M.A. Wan & Abbas, Hazim F., 2013. "Potential hydrogen and non-condensable gases production from biomass pyrolysis: Insights into the process variables," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 204-224.
    4. Fayaz, H. & Saidur, R. & Razali, N. & Anuar, F.S. & Saleman, A.R. & Islam, M.R., 2012. "An overview of hydrogen as a vehicle fuel," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(8), pages 5511-5528.

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