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An overview of renewable energy utilization from municipal solid waste (MSW) incineration in Taiwan


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  • Tsai, W.T.
  • Chou, Y.H.
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    Taiwan is an energy-importing nation with more than 97% of energy consumption supplied by imported fuels. In this regard, renewable energy like waste-to-energy is become attractive. The objective of this paper is to present an overview of energy utilization from the cogeneration system of municipal solid waste (MSW) incineration in recent years. The description is thus centered on MSW generation, incineration treatment and its energy utilization status. The energy policy relating to MSW-to-energy is also summarized in the paper. Finally, we present the regulatory system including Air Pollution Control Act, Energy Management Law and Statute for Upgrading Industries, which is not only to establish the environmental standards on MSW incineration facility, but also to provide economic and financial incentives to promote the use of MSW-to-energy.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews.

    Volume (Year): 10 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 5 (October)
    Pages: 491-502

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:10:y:2006:i:5:p:491-502

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    Keywords: Waste-to-energy Municipal solid waste Promotion measure Energy policy;


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    1. Tsai, W. T. & Chou, Y. H., 2005. "Overview of environmental impacts, prospects and policies for renewable energy in Taiwan," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 119-147, April.
    2. Tsai, W. T. & Chou, Y. H. & Chang, Y. M., 2004. "Progress in energy utilization from agrowastes in Taiwan," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 8(5), pages 461-481, October.
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    Cited by:
    1. Tsai, Wen-Tien & Chou, Yao-Hung & Lin, Chien-Ming & Hsu, Hsin-Chieh & Lin, Keng-Yu & Chiu, Chunh-Siang, 2007. "Perspectives on resource recycling from municipal solid waste in Taiwan," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(1-2), pages 69-79.
    2. Chang, Dong-Shang & Yang, Fu-Chiang, 2011. "Assessing the power generation, pollution control, and overall efficiencies of municipal solid waste incinerators in Taiwan," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 651-663, February.
    3. Raj, N. Thilak & Iniyan, S. & Goic, Ranko, 2011. "A review of renewable energy based cogeneration technologies," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(8), pages 3640-3648.
    4. Zhang, Xiaoling & Wu, Yuzhe & Shen, Liyin, 2012. "Application of low waste technologies for design and construction: A case study in Hong Kong," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 2973-2979.


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