Immigration and the origins of regional inequality: Government-sponsored European migration to southern Brazil before World War I
AbstractThis paper studies the long-term consequences of the government-sponsored programs of European immigration to Southern Brazil before the Great War. We find that the municipalities closer to the original sites of nineteenth century government sponsored settlements (colônias) have higher per capita income, less poverty and dependence on Bolsa Família cash transfers, better health and education outcomes; and for the areas close to German colonies, also less inequality of income and educational outcomes than otherwise. Since that is a reduced form relationship, we then attempt to identify the relative importance of more egalitarian landholdings and higher initial human capital in determining those outcomes. Our findings are suggestive that more egalitarian land distribution played a more important role than higher initial human capital in achieving the good outcomes associated with closeness to a colônia.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Regional Science and Urban Economics.
Volume (Year): 42 (2012)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/regec
Brazil; Migration; Rio Grande do Sul; German migration; Italian migration; Land distribution; Human capital; Economic history of Latin America;
Other versions of this item:
- de Carvalho Filho, Irineu & Monasterio, Leonardo M, 2011. "Immigration and the origins of regional inequality: Government-sponsored European migration to Southern Brazil before World War I," MPRA Paper 27954, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
- N3 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy
- O15 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
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Blog mentionsAs found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
- Immigration and the origins of regional inequality: Government-sponsored European migration to Southern Brazil before World War I
by Leonardo Monasterio in Blog do Leonardo Monasterio on 2011-01-16 21:21:00
- â??Immigration and the origins of regional inequality: Government-sponsored European migration to Southern Brazil before World War Iâ?.
by Leonardo Monasterio in Leonardo Monasterio's Blog on 2011-01-16 21:25:00
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