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Fruits and vegetables availability for human consumption in Latin American and Caribbean countries: Patterns and determinants

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  • Asfaw, Abay
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    Abstract

    Inadequate intake of fruits and vegetables (F&V) is one of the leading causes of chronic diseases in the world. This study examined the patterns and determinants of F&V availability for human consumption in Latin American and Caribbean countries between 1991 and 2002. The results showed that there were considerable disparities between and within countries and only one-third of the sampled countries (if only 20% wastage is assumed) could achieve the World Health Organization's recommendation of 146 kg of F&V intake/capita/year. The elasticities estimated from a fixed effect regression also showed that income, urbanization, price, and poverty were some of the important factors that affect the long-term availability of F&V.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VCB-4S2VG3H-1/2/c984856cd4a45c815e24b2828e9331d0
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Food Policy.

    Volume (Year): 33 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 5 (October)
    Pages: 444-454

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:jfpoli:v:33:y:2008:i:5:p:444-454

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/foodpol

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    1. Haddad, Lawrence James, 2003. "What can food policy do to redirect the diet transition?," FCND briefs 165, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    2. Atwood, David A., 1991. "Aggregate food supply and famine early warning," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 245-251, June.
    3. Pasaran, M.H. & Im, K.S. & Shin, Y., 1995. "Testing for Unit Roots in Heterogeneous Panels," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 9526, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    4. Popkin, Barry M., 1999. "Urbanization, Lifestyle Changes and the Nutrition Transition," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 27(11), pages 1905-1916, November.
    5. Maddala, G S & Wu, Shaowen, 1999. " A Comparative Study of Unit Root Tests with Panel Data and a New Simple Test," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 61(0), pages 631-52, Special I.
    6. James L. Seale & Anita Regmi, 2006. "Modeling International Consumption Patterns," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 52(4), pages 603-624, December.
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