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Leverage and growth: Effect of stock options

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  • Francis, Bill
  • Hasan, Iftekhar
  • Sharma, Zenu

Abstract

Previous literature documents a negative relationship between leverage and firm growth. This paper finds that once the incentives provided by stock options are accounted for, leverage does not affect firm growth. The paper also finds that the sensitivity of CEOs’ wealth to stock price (i.e. option delta) instead of leverage has a negative relationship with growth. These findings suggest that incentive contracts that tie managers’ wealth to firm value prevent managers from overinvesting. Thus in presence of options the role of debt as a disciplining mechanism has become less important.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Economics and Business.

Volume (Year): 63 (2011)
Issue (Month): 6 ()
Pages: 558-581

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jebusi:v:63:y:2011:i:6:p:558-581

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jeconbus

Related research

Keywords: G31; G32; D92; J33; Leverage; Growth; Stock-based compensation;

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