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Religion, clubs, and emergent social divides

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  • Makowsky, Michael D.

Abstract

Arguments regarding the existence of an American cultural divide are frequently placed in a religious context. This paper seeks to establish that, all politics aside, the American religious divide is real, that religious polarization is not a uniquely American phenomenon, and that religious divides can be understood as naturally emergent within the club theory of religion. Analysis of the survey data reveals a bimodal distribution of religious commitment in the U.S. International data reveals evidence of bimodal distributions in all twenty-nine surveyed countries. The club theory of religion, applied in an agent-based computational model, generates bimodal distributions of member commitment.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization.

Volume (Year): 80 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 74-87

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jeborg:v:80:y:2011:i:1:p:74-87

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jebo

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Keywords: Culture divide; Religious divide; Club theory; Agent-based model; Sacrifice and stigma;

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Cited by:
  1. Daniel M. Hungerman, 2011. "Do Religious Proscriptions Matter? Evidence from a Theory-Based Test," NBER Working Papers 17375, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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