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Labor unions, bargaining power and corporate bond yield spreads: Structural credit model perspectives

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  • Chen, Tsung-Kang
  • Chen, Yan-Shing
  • Liao, Hsien-Hsing
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    Abstract

    This study investigates labor union effects on bond yield spreads from perspectives of structural credit models by employing American bond observations from 2001 to 2007. This research finds that union strength significantly and positively relates to bond yield spreads (this effect is roughly equal to that of issuer rating for one standard deviation change when controlling for well-known variables). The empirical results also show that the positive effects become weaker when management has higher bargaining power. Additionally, union strength volatility significantly and negatively relates to bond yield spreads and capital structure (leverage). The above results are robust when controlling for credit ratings, collinearity concerns, industry effect and tax effect.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Banking & Finance.

    Volume (Year): 35 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 8 (August)
    Pages: 2084-2098

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:35:y:2011:i:8:p:2084-2098

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jbf

    Related research

    Keywords: Labor union Bargaining power Credit risk Structural credit model Bond yield spreads;

    References

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    Cited by:
    1. Chen, Tsung-Kang & Liao, Hsien-Hsing & Chi, Cheng-Ming, 2014. "The economic consequences of regulatory changes in employee stock options on corporate bond holders: SFAS No.123R and structural credit model perspectives," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 381-394.
    2. Chen, Tsung-Kang & Liao, Hsien-Hsing & Kuo, Hui-Ju & Hsieh, Yu-Ling, 2013. "Suppliers’ and customers’ information asymmetry and corporate bond yield spreads," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(8), pages 3181-3191.
    3. Chen, Yan-Shing & Chen, I-Ju, 2013. "The impact of labor unions on investment-cash flow sensitivity," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(7), pages 2408-2418.

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