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Concentrated control, institutions, and banking sector: An international study

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  • Haw, In-Mu
  • Ho, Simon S.M.
  • Hu, Bingbing
  • Wu, Donghui
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    Abstract

    Using a broad sample of listed commercial banks in East Asia and Western Europe, this paper investigates the relations among concentrated control, a set of bank operating characteristics, and legal and regulatory regimes. We find that banks with concentrated control exhibit poorer performance, lower cost efficiency, greater return volatility, and higher insolvency risk, relative to widely held ones. We also document that legal institutions and private monitoring effectively reduce the detrimental effects of concentrated control and that official disciplinary power plays a weak governance role, whereas government intervention exacerbates the adverse effects. Further evidence shows that the relations between control concentration and bank operating characteristics are curvilinear and vary according to the types of controlling owners. Overall, our findings support the contention that country-level institutions play important roles in constraining insider expropriation, and that private monitoring mechanisms are more effective than are public rules and supervision in governing banks.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Banking & Finance.

    Volume (Year): 34 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 3 (March)
    Pages: 485-497

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:34:y:2010:i:3:p:485-497

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jbf

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    Keywords: Concentrated control Bank operations Legal institutions Bank regulations;

    References

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    Cited by:
    1. Laetitia Lepetit & Amine Tarazi & Nadia Zedek, 2012. "Bank Regulatory Capital Adjustment and Ultimate Ownership Structure: Evidence from European Commercial Banks," Working Papers hal-00918577, HAL.
    2. Sun, Lei & Chang, Tzu-Pu, 2011. "A comprehensive analysis of the effects of risk measures on bank efficiency: Evidence from emerging Asian countries," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(7), pages 1727-1735, July.
    3. Amine Tarazi & Nadia Zedek, 2013. "Excess Control Rights, Financial Crisis and Bank Profitability and Risk," Working Papers hal-00916550, HAL.
    4. Thierno Amadou Barry & Laetitia Lepetit & Amine Tarazi, 2011. "Ownership Structure and Risk in Publicly Held and Privately Owned Banks," Post-Print hal-00918543, HAL.
    5. Laetitia Lepetit & Amine Tarazi & Nadia Zedek, 2012. "Ultimate Ownership Structure and Bank Regulatory Capital Adjustment: Evidence from European Commercial Banks," Working Papers hal-00918579, HAL.
    6. Azofra, Valentín & Santamaría, Marcos, 2011. "Ownership, control, and pyramids in Spanish commercial banks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(6), pages 1464-1476, June.
    7. Brisley, Neil & Bris, Arturo & Cabolis, Christos, 2011. "A theory of optimal expropriation, mergers and industry competition," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 955-965, April.
    8. Ilduara Busta & Evis Sinani & Steen Thomsen, 2014. "Ownership concentration and market value of European banks," Journal of Management and Governance, Springer, vol. 18(1), pages 159-183, February.
    9. Lee, Chien-Chiang & Yang, Shih-Jui & Chang, Chi-Hung, 2014. "Non-interest income, profitability, and risk in banking industry: A cross-country analysis," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 48-67.
    10. Bouvatier, Vincent & Lepetit, Laetitia & Strobel, Frank, 2014. "Bank income smoothing, ownership concentration and the regulatory environment," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 253-270.
    11. Taboada, Alvaro G., 2011. "The impact of changes in bank ownership structure on the allocation of capital: International evidence," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(10), pages 2528-2543, October.
    12. Laetitia Lepetit & Amine Tarazi & Nadia Zedek, 2013. "Excess control rights, bank capital structure adjustment and lending," Working Papers hal-00967892, HAL.
    13. repec:hal:wpaper:hal-00916674 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Dheera-aumpon, Siwapong, 2013. "Connected lending and concentrated control," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 475-486.

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