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Information and communications technologies, strategic asymmetry and national security


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  • Kshetri, Nir


In the history of warfare, there are a number of examples of strategic uses of asymmetric technologies. Consistent with history and theory, individuals, organizations and nations have spotted opportunities to employ information and communications technologies to gain and exploit asymmetric advantages and to counter asymmetric weaknesses. This article discusses various asymmetries associated with institutions, nations and organizations that influence the ICT-national security nexus. Regulative, normative and cognitive institutions in a country provide various mechanisms that affect the nature of positive and negative asymmetries. Nations and organizations also differ in terms of their capability to assimilate ICT tools to gain positive asymmetries and deal with vulnerabilities of negative asymmetries. Integrative approaches that combine policy and technological measures at various levels are likely to make the world more secure.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of International Management.

Volume (Year): 11 (2005)
Issue (Month): 4 (December)
Pages: 563-580

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Handle: RePEc:eee:intman:v:11:y:2005:i:4:p:563-580

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Keywords: Strategic asymmetry Information and communication technologies National security Institutions Cyber attacks;


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  1. Gary S. Becker, 1995. "The economics of crime," Cross Sections, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, issue Fall, pages 8-15.
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