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Pattern of global cyber war and crime: A conceptual framework

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  • Kshetri, Nir

Abstract

The flourishing synergy arising between organized crimes and the Internet has increased the insecurity of the digital world. How hackers frame their actions? What factors encourage and energize their behavior? These are very important but highly underresearched questions. We draw upon literatures on psychology, economics, international relation and warfare to propose a framework that addresses these questions. We found that countries across the world differ in terms of regulative, normative and cognitive legitimacy to different types of web attacks. Cyber wars and crimes are also functions of the stocks of hacking skills relative to the availability of economic opportunities. An attacking unit's selection criteria for the target network include symbolic significance and criticalness, degree of digitization of values and weakness in defense mechanisms. Managerial and policy implications are discussed and directions for future research are suggested.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of International Management.

Volume (Year): 11 (2005)
Issue (Month): 4 (December)
Pages: 541-562

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Handle: RePEc:eee:intman:v:11:y:2005:i:4:p:541-562

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Related research

Keywords: Information and communications technologies Cyber war Hacking Mafia Nationalism;

References

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  1. Georg Götz, 1999. "Monopolistic Competition and the Diffusion of New Technology," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 30(4), pages 679-693, Winter.
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  6. Jack Hirshleifer, 1998. "The Bioeconomic causes of war," UCLA Economics Working Papers 777, UCLA Department of Economics.
  7. Joanne E Oxley & Bernard Yeung, 2001. "E-Commerce Readiness: Institutional Environment and International Competitiveness," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 32(4), pages 705-723, December.
  8. Geoffrey M. Hodgson, 2003. "The hidden persuaders: institutions and individuals in economic theory," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 27(2), pages 159-175, March.
  9. Gary S. Becker, 1995. "The economics of crime," Cross Sections, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, issue Fall, pages 8-15.
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