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Liquidity and capital structure

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  • Lipson, Marc L.
  • Mortal, Sandra
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    Abstract

    We examine the relation between equity market liquidity and capital structure. We find that firms with more liquid equity have lower leverage and prefer equity financing when raising capital. For example, after sorting firms into size quintiles and then into liquidity quintiles, the average debt-to-asset ratio of the most liquid quintiles is about 38% while the average for the least liquid quintiles is 55%. Similar results are observed in panel analyses with clustered errors and using instrumental variables. Our results are consistent with equity market liquidity lowering the cost of equity and, therefore, inducing a greater reliance on equity financing.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Financial Markets.

    Volume (Year): 12 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 4 (November)
    Pages: 611-644

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:finmar:v:12:y:2009:i:4:p:611-644

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/finmar

    Related research

    Keywords: Capital structure Liquidity Market microstructure;

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    Cited by:
    1. Udomsirikul, Prasit & Jumreornvong, Seksak & Jiraporn, Pornsit, 2011. "Liquidity and capital structure: The case of Thailand," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 106-117, April.
    2. AulovaÌ, R. & Hlavsa, T., 2013. "Capital Structure of Agricultural Businesses and its Determinants," AGRIS on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Economics and Management, vol. 5(2), June.
    3. Pawan Jain & Quentin Chu, 2014. "Dividend clienteles: a global investigation," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 42(3), pages 509-534, April.
    4. René M. Stulz & Dimitrios Vagias & Mathijs A. van Dijk, 2013. "Do Firms Issue more equity when markets are more liquid?," NBER Working Papers 19229, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Kale, Jayant R. & Loon, Yee Cheng, 2011. "Product market power and stock market liquidity," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 376-410, May.
    6. Poon, Ser-Huang & Rockinger, Michael & Stathopoulos, Konstantinos, 2013. "Market liquidity and institutional trading during the 2007–8 financial crisis," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 86-97.
    7. Darshana D. Palkar & Niranjan Tripathy, 2011. "Seasoned equity offerings: stock market liquidity and duration of the completion cycle," Managerial Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 37(4), pages 380-405, April.

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