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The world per capita electricity consumption distribution: Signs of convergence?

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  • Maza, Adolfo
  • Villaverde, José

Abstract

Considering residential per capita electricity consumption as one of the most suitable economic welfare indicators, the aim of this paper is to explore worldwide differences on this variable over the period 1980-2007. The paper adds to the standard practice of [sigma] and [beta] convergence analysis by tracking the external shape and time evolution of the entire distribution, applying nonparametric techniques (density functions and stochastic kernels) to a sample of 98 countries. The main finding is that a weak process of electricity consumption convergence has taken place. This reduction of disparities is clearly related to at least three issues: firstly, the rapid economic changes experienced by some developing countries; secondly, the energy conservation policies implemented by most developed countries following the first oil shock; and, thirdly, the growing awareness on energy issues in rich countries. Notwithstanding this, the ergodic distribution on per capita electricity consumption indicates that large cross-country disparities will persist in the long-run.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Energy Policy.

Volume (Year): 36 (2008)
Issue (Month): 11 (November)
Pages: 4255-4261

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Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:36:y:2008:i:11:p:4255-4261

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/enpol

Related research

Keywords: Electricity consumption Convergence Intra-distribution dynamics;

References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Jaunky, Vishal Chandr, 2013. "Divergence in technical efficiency of electric utilities: Evidence from the SAPP," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 419-430.
  2. Vinod Mishra & Russell Smyth, 2014. "Convergence in energy consumption per capita among ASEAN countries," Development Research Unit Working Paper Series 22-14, Monash University, Department of Economics.
  3. Mohammadi, Hassan & Ram, Rati, 2012. "Cross-country convergence in energy and electricity consumption, 1971–2007," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(6), pages 1882-1887.

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