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Dynamic modelling of water demand, water availability and adaptation strategies for power plants to global change


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  • Koch, Hagen
  • Vögele, Stefan


According to the latest IPCC reports, the frequency of hot and dry periods will increase in many regions of the world in the future. For power plant operators, the increasing possibility of water shortages is an important challenge that they have to face. Shortages of electricity due to water shortages could have an influence on industries as well as on private households. Climate change impact analyses must analyse the climate effects on power plants and possible adaptation strategies for the power generation sector. Power plants have lifetimes of several decades. Their water demand changes with climate parameters in the short- and medium-term. In the long-term, the water demand will change as old units are phased out and new generating units appear in their place. In this paper, we describe the integration of functions for the calculation of the water demand of power plants into a water resources management model. Also included are both short-term reactive and long-term planned adaptation. This integration allows us to simulate the interconnection between the water demand of power plants and water resources management, i.e. water availability. Economic evaluation functions for water shortages are also integrated into the water resources management model. This coupled model enables us to analyse scenarios of socio-economic and climate change, as well as the effects of water management actions.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Ecological Economics.

Volume (Year): 68 (2009)
Issue (Month): 7 (May)
Pages: 2031-2039

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Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:68:y:2009:i:7:p:2031-2039

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Keywords: Power plants Dynamic model Water resources management Water demand Economic evaluation;


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  1. Feeley, Thomas J. & Skone, Timothy J. & Stiegel, Gary J. & McNemar, Andrea & Nemeth, Michael & Schimmoller, Brian & Murphy, James T. & Manfredo, Lynn, 2008. "Water: A critical resource in the thermoelectric power industry," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 1-11.
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Cited by:
  1. Xiao Song & Zhao Zhang & Yi Chen & Pin Wang & Ming Xiang & Peijun Shi & Fulu Tao, 2014. "Spatiotemporal changes of global extreme temperature events (ETEs) since 1981 and the meteorological causes," Natural Hazards, International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 70(2), pages 975-994, January.
  2. Foster, John & Bell, William Paul & Wild, Phillip & Sharma, Deepak & Sandu, Suwin & Froome, Craig & Wagner, Liam & Misra, Suchi & Bagia, Ravindra, 2013. "Analysis of institutional adaptability to redress electricity infrastructure vulnerability due to climate change," MPRA Paper 47787, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. McDermott, Grant R. & Nilsen, Øivind Anti, 2012. "Electricity Prices, River Temperatures and Cooling Water Scarcity," IZA Discussion Papers 6842, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Khan, Iftekhar & Alam, Firoz & Alam, Quamrul, 2013. "The global climate change and its effect on power generation in Bangladesh," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 1460-1470.
  5. H. Koch & S. Vögele & M. Kaltofen & M. Grossmann & U. Grünewald, 2014. "Security of Water Supply and Electricity Production: Aspects of Integrated Management," Water Resources Management, Springer, vol. 28(6), pages 1767-1780, April.
  6. Dirk Rübbelke & Stefan Vögele, 2013. "Short-term distributional consequences of climate change impacts on the power sector: who gains and who loses?," Climatic Change, Springer, vol. 116(2), pages 191-206, January.
  7. Klaus Eisenack & Rebecca Stecker, 2012. "A framework for analyzing climate change adaptations as actions," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 17(3), pages 243-260, March.
  8. John Foster & William Paul Bell & Craig Froome & Phil Wild & Liam Wagner & Deepak Sharma & Suwin Sandu & Suchi Misra & Ravindra Bagia, 2012. "Institutional adaptability to redress electricity infrastructure vulnerability due to climate change," Energy Economics and Management Group Working Papers 7-2012, School of Economics, University of Queensland, Australia.
  9. Hagen Koch & Stefan Vögele & Michael Kaltofen & Uwe Grünewald, 2012. "Trends in water demand and water availability for power plants—scenario analyses for the German capital Berlin," Climatic Change, Springer, vol. 110(3), pages 879-899, February.
  10. Markku Rummukainen, 2013. "Climate change: changing means and changing extremes," Climatic Change, Springer, vol. 121(1), pages 3-13, November.


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