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Child care assistance for families involved in the child welfare system: Predicting child care subsidy use and stability

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Author Info

  • Lipscomb, Shannon T.
  • Lewis, Kendra M.
  • Masyn, Katherine E.
  • Meloy, Mary Elizabeth
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    Abstract

    Early child care and education programs have the potential to play a supportive role in the lives of vulnerable children and families involved in the child welfare system. Child care subsidies can help low-income families to access these programs. The current study examines the use and stability of child care subsidies among children from families involved in the child welfare system. Administrative data were obtained from the Oregon Department of Human Services through two linked datasets: Child Welfare Services and Employment Related Day Care (Oregon's child care subsidy program). Results indicate that children placed out of their biological homes through child welfare services, and those with more instability in child welfare placements, are less likely to receive subsidized child care than those protected in their homes. Findings further suggest that children involved in child welfare services have even less stability in child care subsidy use than other children from low-income families, evidenced by shorter durations of subsidy use. These findings provide a platform for future research in this area, and have implications for the well-being of children and families involved in child welfare services, whose lives involve a host of challenges, risks, and instabilities.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S019074091200360X
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Children and Youth Services Review.

    Volume (Year): 34 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 12 ()
    Pages: 2454-2463

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:cysrev:v:34:y:2012:i:12:p:2454-2463

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/childyouth

    Related research

    Keywords: Child care; Child welfare; Subsidy; Stability; Foster care;

    References

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Chris M. Herbst & Erdal Tekin, 2008. "Child Care Subsidies and Child Development," NBER Working Papers 14474, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Chris M. Herbst & Erdal Tekin, 2010. "The Impact of Child Care Subsidies on Child Well-Being: Evidence from Geographic Variation in the Distance to Social Service Agencies," Working Papers id:2739, eSocialSciences.
    3. Elizabeth E. Davis & Deana Grobe & Roberta B. Weber, 2010. "Rural--Urban Differences in Childcare Subsidy Use and Employment Stability," Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 32(1), pages 135-153.
    4. Ahn, Haksoon, 2012. "Child care subsidy, child care costs, and employment of low-income single mothers," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 379-387.
    5. David Blau & Philip Robins, 1991. "Child care demand and labor supply of young mothers over time," Demography, Springer, vol. 28(3), pages 333-351, August.
    6. Magura, Stephen & Laudet, Alexandre B., 1996. "Parental substance abuse and child maltreatment: Review and implications for intervention," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 193-220.
    7. Marcia Meyers & Theresa Heintze & Douglas Wolf, 2002. "Child care subsidies and the employment of welfare recipients," Demography, Springer, vol. 39(1), pages 165-179, February.
    8. Mersky, Joshua P. & Topitzes, James D. & Reynolds, Arthur J., 2011. "Maltreatment prevention through early childhood intervention: A confirmatory evaluation of the Chicago Child-Parent Center preschool program," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(8), pages 1454-1463, August.
    9. Ha, Yoonsook & Meyer, Daniel R., 2010. "Child care subsidy patterns: Are exits related to economic setbacks or economic successes?," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 346-355, March.
    10. Deana Grobe & Roberta Weber & Elizabeth Davis, 2008. "Why Do They Leave? Child Care Subsidy Use in Oregon," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, vol. 29(1), pages 110-127, March.
    11. Meloy, Mary Elizabeth & Phillips, Deborah A., 2012. "Rethinking the role of early care and education in foster care," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 882-890.
    12. Johnson, Anna D. & Martin, Anne & Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne, 2011. "Who uses child care subsidies? Comparing recipients to eligible non-recipients on family background characteristics and child care preferences," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(7), pages 1072-1083, July.
    13. Katherine A. Magnuson & Christopher J. Ruhm & Jane Waldfogel, 2004. "Does Prekindergarten Improve School Preparation and Performance?," NBER Working Papers 10452, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    14. Ehrle, Jennifer & Geen, Rob, 2002. "Kin and non-kin foster care--findings from a National Survey," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 24(1-2), pages 15-35.
    15. Lipscomb, Shannon T. & Pears, Katherine C., 2011. "Patterns and predictors of early care and education for children in foster care," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(11), pages 2303-2311.
    16. Berrick, Jill Duerr & Barth, Richard P. & Needell, Barbara, 1994. "A comparison of kinship foster homes and foster family homes: Implications for kinship foster care as family preservation," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 16(1-2), pages 33-63.
    17. Cuddeback, Gary S., 2004. "Kinship family foster care: a methodological and substantive synthesis of research," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(7), pages 623-639, July.
    18. Park, Jung Min & Helton, Jesse, 2010. "Transitioning from informal to formal substitute care following maltreatment investigation," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(7), pages 998-1003, July.
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