Description length and dimensionality reduction in functional data analysis
AbstractThe use of description length principles to select an appropriate number of basis functions for functional data is investigated. A flexible definition of the dimension of a random function that is constructed directly from the Karhunen–Loève expansion of the observed process or data generating mechanism is provided. The results obtained show that although the classical, principle component variance decomposition technique will behave in a coherent manner, in general, the dimension chosen by this technique will not be consistent in the conventional sense. Two description length criteria are described. Both of these criteria are proved to be consistent and it is shown that in low noise settings they will identify the true finite dimension of a signal that is embedded in noise. Two examples, one from mass spectroscopy and the other from climatology, are used to illustrate the basic ideas. The application of different forms of the bootstrap for functional data is also explored and used to demonstrate the workings of the theoretical results.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Computational Statistics & Data Analysis.
Volume (Year): 58 (2013)
Issue (Month): C ()
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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/csda
Bootstrap; Consistency; Dimension determination; Karhunen–Loève expansion; Signal-to-noise ratio; Variance decomposition;
Other versions of this item:
- D. S. Poskitt & Arivalzahan Sengarapillai, 2009. "Description Length and Dimensionality Reduction in Functional Data Analysis," Monash Econometrics and Business Statistics Working Papers 13/09, Monash University, Department of Econometrics and Business Statistics.
- C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
- C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models &bull Diffusion Processes
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