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The Canadian and American Financial Systems: Competition and Regulation

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  • Cécile Carpentier
  • Jean-Marc Suret
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    Abstract

    Centralization of securities regulation in Canada is a recurring topic which was recently given new impetus. Various participants suggest that the American model is an example of regulatory centralization and could be transposed to Canada. Our study shows the enormous differences which separate these two systems. The SEC may be considered a regulatory monopoly with respect to important securities, in the face of a competitive and fragmented industry. In Canada, provincial securities regulation creates a form of regulatory competition in the face of a very heavily concentrated industry. Consequently, the American regulatory framework is not transferable to Canada, and the risks of significant influence by the industry on the regulatory framework or even regulatory capture are high in Canada.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by University of Toronto Press in its journal Canadian Public Policy.

    Volume (Year): 29 (2003)
    Issue (Month): 4 (December)
    Pages: 431-447

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    Handle: RePEc:cpp:issued:v:29:y:2003:i:4:p:431-447

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Randall S. Kroszner, 2000. "Obstacles to Optimal Policy: The Interplay of Politics and Economics in Shaping Bank Supervision and Regulation Reforms," University of Chicago - George G. Stigler Center for Study of Economy and State 158, Chicago - Center for Study of Economy and State.
    2. Eric Benhamou & Thomas Serval, 2000. "On the Competition Between ECNs, Stock Markets and Market Makers," FMG Discussion Papers dp345, Financial Markets Group.
    3. Randall S. Kroszner & Philip E. Strahan, 2000. "Obstacles to Optimal Policy: The Interplay of Politics and Economics in Shaping Bank Supervision and Regulation Reforms," CRSP working papers 512, Center for Research in Security Prices, Graduate School of Business, University of Chicago.
    4. Becker, Gary S, 1983. "A Theory of Competition among Pressure Groups for Political Influence," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 98(3), pages 371-400, August.
    5. Jean-Jacques Laffont & Jean Tirole, 1988. "The Politics of Government Decision-Making: A Theory of Regulatory Capture," Working papers 506, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
    6. Heinemann, Friedrich & Schüler, Martin, 2002. "A Stigler View on Banking Supervision," ZEW Discussion Papers 02-66, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    7. Randall S. Kroszner & Philip E. Strahan, 2000. "Obstacles to Optimal Policy: The Interplay of Politics and Economics in Shaping Bank Supervision and Regulation Reforms," NBER Working Papers 7582, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Michael D. Bordo & Hugh Rockoff & Angela Redish, 1993. "A Comparison of the United States and Canadian Banking Systems in the Twentieth Century: Stability vs. Efficiency?," NBER Working Papers 4546, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Huang, Roger D. & Stoll, Hans R., 1996. "Dealer versus auction markets: A paired comparison of execution costs on NASDAQ and the NYSE," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(3), pages 313-357, July.
    10. William D. Coleman, 1992. "Financial Services Reform in Canada: The Evolution of Policy Dissension," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 18(2), pages 139-152, June.
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    Cited by:
    1. Cécile Carpentier & Jean-François L'Her & Jean-Marc Suret, 2005. "The Costs of Issuing Private Versus Public Equity," CIRANO Working Papers 2005s-14, CIRANO.

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