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Historia del crédito hipotecario en Colombia

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  • Miguel Urrutia

    ()

  • Olga Marcela Namen

    ()

Abstract

En la historia de la política económica, el fomento de la construcción de vivienda ha sido un tema recurrente. En este artículo se hace un recuento de las diferentes maneras como se ha intentado hacer esto en Colombia a través de la historia moderna. La cuantificación se puede hacer a partir de 1923, una vez creados el Banco de la República y la Superintendencia Bancaria a raíz de las recomendaciones de la Misión Kemmerer. En los años treinta y cuarenta, la principal fuente de crédito para vivienda fue un banco estatal: el Banco Central Hipotecario (BCH). En los años cincuenta y sesenta, esta fuente fue complementada por el Instituto de Crédito Territorial (ICT), y el crédito bancario para vivienda diferente al BCH era mínimo. Solo a partir de los años setenta, en la era del UPAC (unidad de poder adquisitivo constante), el sector bancario formal financió el crédito de largo plazo para vivienda. A partir de los años noventa, el Estado otorga subsidios a familias de bajos ingresos para que estas puedan acceder al crédito para compra de vivienda de interés social. Finalmente, se ensaya promover la construcción durante la crisis económica del 2008, creando un subsidio de tasa de interés para la compra de vivienda popular. Además, la política tributaria se ha usado con el mismo propósito.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE in its journal ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA.

Volume (Year): (2012)
Issue (Month): ()
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Handle: RePEc:col:000107:010164

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Keywords: crédito hipotecario; política de vivienda; Colombia.;

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  1. Nicolás Cuervo & Samuel Jaramillo, 2009. "Dos décadas de política de vivienda en Bogotá apostando por el mercado," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 006651, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
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Cited by:
  1. José Osler Alzate Mahecha, 2013. "Sudden stops in emerging markets: How to minimize their impact on GDP?," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 010547, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  2. Roger Sandilands, 2011. "Social Housing Policies in Latin America and Singapore: Lessons for China," Working Papers 1132, University of Strathclyde Business School, Department of Economics.

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