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Heterogeneidad Observada y no Observada en la Formación de los Precios del Ipc Colombiano

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  • Juan Manuel Julio

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Abstract

En este trabajo se caracterizan las reglas de precios de los minoristas colombianos a través de funciones de hazard. Se enfatiza la reducción del sesgo derivado de la heterogeneidad observada como no observada en dichas funciones. El efecto de la heterogeneidad observada se reduce al estimar la hazard aniveles muy desagregados, a través de la estratificación, al incluir variables de estado y al estimar estas separadamente para incrementos y disminuciones. El efecto de la heterogeneidad no observada se reduce al introducir un término de efectos aleatorios denominado fragilidad, frailty, que permite a minoristas del mismo estrato tener rachas de precios más cortas que otros. La base de datos contiene12´052.970 reportes de precios y cubre un periodo de tiempo con inflación decreciente y otro con inflación creciente, la cual la hace ideal para estudiar la presencia de costos de menú.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE in its journal ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA.

Volume (Year): (2010)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:col:000107:009433

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Keywords: fijación de precios; rigideces de precios; modelos de duración; función hazard.;

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  1. Fougere, Denis & Le Bihan, Herve & Sevestre, Patrick, 2007. "Heterogeneity in Consumer Price Stickiness: A Microeconometric Investigation," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 25, pages 247-264, July.
  2. Daniel Dias & Carlos Robalo Marques & J.M.C.Santos Silva, 2005. "Time or State Dependent Price Setting Rules? Evidence from Portuguese Micro Data," Working Papers w200508, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
  3. Martin Eichenbaum & Jonas D.M. Fisher, 2003. "Testing the Calvo model of sticky prices," Economic Perspectives, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, issue Q II, pages 40-53.
  4. Carvalho Carlos, 2006. "Heterogeneity in Price Stickiness and the Real Effects of Monetary Shocks," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 6(3), pages 1-58, December.
  5. Carlos Carvalho, 2005. "Heterogeneity in Price Setting and the Real Effects of Monetary Shocks," Macroeconomics 0509017, EconWPA, revised 12 Sep 2005.
  6. Carlos Carvalho & Fernanda Nechio, 2008. "Aggregation and the PPP puzzle in a sticky-price model," Staff Reports 351, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  7. Calvo, Guillermo A., 1983. "Staggered prices in a utility-maximizing framework," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 383-398, September.
  8. Fuhrer, Jeffrey C & Moore, George R, 1995. "Monetary Policy Trade-offs and the Correlation between Nominal Interest Rates and Real Output," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(1), pages 219-39, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Juan Carlos Parra A. & Martha Misas A. & Enrique López E., . "Heterogeneidad en la fijación de precios en Colombia: Análisis de sus determinantes a partir de modelos de conteo," Borradores de Economia 628, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

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