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Costos Laborales: Una Aproximación Teórica A Sus Efectos

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  • SANDRA ROZO

    ()

Abstract

Este documento estudia teóricamente cuál sería el efecto de reducir los costos laborales no salariales sobre la producción y el mercado laboral formal e informal en Colombia. Específicamente se anali-zan dos escenarios: uno en el cual se reducen estos impuestos manteniendo todas las demás variables constantes, y otro, en el que su caída es compensada con un incremento del impuesto a los ingresos -en donde el recaudo total del gobierno se mantenga inalterado-. Debido a que no existe información suficiente que permita desarrollar un ejercicio em-pírico, el impacto de la medida se estudia por me-dio de un modelo de equilibrio general en el cual las variables endógenas son calibradas con base en los datos disponibles para la economía colombiana. Los resultados indican que una reducción de los im-puestos salariales en los dos escenarios implicaría un aumento del empleo y la producción del sector formal y una reducción de ambas variables en el sector informal, siendo el efecto agregado positivo.

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File URL: http://www.banrep.gov.co/sites/default/files/publicaciones/archivos/espe_057-2.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE in its journal ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA.

Volume (Year): (2008)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:col:000107:005807

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Keywords: costos salariales; mercado laboral; informalidad; Colombia.;

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