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R&D offshoring and clustering dynamics in pharmaceuticals and biotechnology: key features and insights from the Chinese case

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  • Abdelillah Hamdouch
  • Feng He

Abstract

This paper focuses on the clustering dynamics based on/supported by R&D offshoring trends as exemplified by the biopharmaceutical sector in China. It suggests two baselines of the institutional arrangements appropriate to initiate innovation-based clusters: (1) emphasis on the linkages and expansion in global innovation networking, and (2) focus on breeding regional innovation networks and enterprise?s embeddedness. Above, especially in pharmaceuticals and biotechnology, these two-dimension baselines are closely intertwined and develop by means of R&D offshoring and clustering dynamics, as it is demonstrated by the case-study of interaction and co-evolution between Chinese and multinational pharmaceutical companies (MPCs). JEL Codes: F23, L24, L65, O32

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by De Boeck Université in its journal Journal of Innovation Economics.

Volume (Year): n° 4 (2009)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 95-117

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Handle: RePEc:cai:jiedbu:jie_004_0095

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Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-journal-of-innovation-economics.htm

Related research

Keywords: biopharmaceutical innovation; China; clustering dynamics; global innovation networks; pharmaceuticals; R&D offshoring;

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References

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  1. Gene M. Grossman & Elhanan Helpman, 2002. "Outsourcing versus FDI in Industry Equilibrium?," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1965, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
  2. Hu, Albert Guangzhou, 2007. "Technology parks and regional economic growth in China," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 76-87, February.
  3. Lundin, Nannan & Schwaag Serger, Sylvia, 2007. "Globalization of R&D and China – Empirical Observations and Policy Implications," Working Paper Series 710, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
  4. Marc-Hubert DEPRET & Abdelillah HAMDOUCH, 2011. "Multiscalar Clusters And Networks As The Foundations Of Innovation Dynamics In The Biopharmaceutical Industry," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 33, pages 227-268.
  5. Gene M. Grossman & Esteban Rossi-Hansberg, 2006. "Trading Tasks: A Simple Theory of Offshoring," NBER Working Papers 12721, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Liu, Xiaohui & Buck, Trevor, 2007. "Innovation performance and channels for international technology spillovers: Evidence from Chinese high-tech industries," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 355-366, April.
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Cited by:
  1. Blandine LAPERCHE & Gilliane LEFEBVRE, 2011. "Globalisation de la recherche des groupes industriels : vers “l’innovation inversée” ? Les exemples de General Electric et de Renault R&D GLOBALIZATION OF INDUSTRIAL FIRMS: TOWARDS “REVERSE I," Working Papers 21, Réseau de Recherche sur l’Innovation. / Research Network on Innovation.

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