How Much Did the 2009 Australian Fiscal Stimulus Boost Demand? Evidence from Household-Reported Spending Effects
AbstractUsing survey evidence, I estimate the impact of $21 billion in household payments delivered in Australia between December 2008 and May 2009. Forty percent of households who said that they received a payment reported having spent it. This is a higher spending rate than has been recorded in surveys assessing the 2001 and 2008 tax rebates in the United States. One possible explanation for this is that individuals are more likely to spend “bonuses” (as the Australian payments were described) than “rebates” (as the US payments were described). Using an approach for converting spending rates into an aggregate marginal propensity to consume (MPC), the Australian results are consistent with an aggregate MPC of 0.41-0.42. Since this estimate is based largely on first-quarter spending, it may understate the longer-run impact of the package on consumer expenditure.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by De Gruyter in its journal The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics.
Volume (Year): 12 (2012)
Issue (Month): 1 (March)
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Web page: http://www.degruyter.com
Other versions of this item:
- Andrew Leigh, 2009. "How Much Did the 2009 Fiscal Stimulus Boost Spending? Evidence from a Household Survey," CAMA Working Papers 2009-22, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
- H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies
- H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household
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- Hielke Buddelmeyer & Kyle Peyton, 2013. "How Windfall Income Increases Gambling at Poker Machines," Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series wp2013n01, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne.
- Bruno Martorano & UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, 2013. "The Australian Household Stimulus Package: Lessons from the recent economic crisis," Innocenti Working Papers inwopa697, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre.
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