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Is Greece's export performance really low?

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  • Christos Papazoglou

    ()
    (Bank of Greece)

Abstract

This paper attempts to access whether Greece’s low openness is the result of its low trade integration, particularly reflecting the country’s relatively poor goods export performance. The analysis estimates potential trade flows for Greece for the years 1993, 1998, 2003 and 2007. In particular, it relies on a gravity model using a panel of cross-country data, which cover bilateral trade flows among the EU member-states. The potential flows are then derived by applying the estimated parameters to the Greek economy. The results show that actual Greek exports fall short of potential ones, while the opposite is true with respect to imports. This becomes more profound when the extent of intra-industry trade is included in the analysis. The findings for the Greek exports differ considerably from the corresponding ones for Portugal, a country with similar characteristics, manifesting the limited convergence of Greece’s trade patterns towards the EU average as well as its unique geographical location relatively to the other EU countries.

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File URL: http://www.bankofgreece.gr/BogEkdoseis/econbull200909.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Bank of Greece, Economic Research Department in its journal Economic Bulletin.

Volume (Year): (2009)
Issue (Month): 32 (May)
Pages: 27-37

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Handle: RePEc:bog:econbl:y:2009:i:32:p:27-37

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Web page: http://www.bankofgreece.gr
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Related research

Keywords: export demand; Greek competitiveness;

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References

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  1. Theodore M. Mitrakos, 2004. "Education and economic inequalities," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, Economic Research Department, issue 23, pages 27-46, July.
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  5. Panayiotis P. Athanasoglou & Ioannis G. Asimakopoulos & Evangelia A. Georgiou, 2005. "The effect of merger and acquisition announcement on Greek bank stock returns," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, Economic Research Department, issue 24, pages 27-44, January.
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  7. Mitrakos Theodore, 2008. "Child Poverty: Recent Developments and Determinants," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, Economic Research Department, issue 30, pages 57-85, May.
  8. Sofia Lazaretou, 2004. "Monetary System and Macroeconomic Policy in Greece, 1833-2003," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, Economic Research Department, issue 22, pages 33-65, January.
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  10. Theodoros S. Papaspyrou, 2004. "EMU strategies for new Member States: the role of Exchange Rate Mechanism II," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, Economic Research Department, issue 23, pages 7-25, July.
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  13. Pavlos Petroulas, 2008. "Foreign Direct Investment in Greece: Productivity and Spillover effects," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, Economic Research Department, issue 31, pages 31-48, November.
  14. Balfoussia Hiona, 2008. "Stock market integration-the athens exchange in the european financial market," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, Economic Research Department, issue 30, pages 29-55, May.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Faidon Kalfaoglou, 2012. "Bank capital adequacy framework," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, Economic Research Department, issue 36, pages 43-81, April.
  2. Heather Gibson & hiona Balfousia, 2010. "The impact of nominal and real uncertainty on macroeconomic aggregates in Greece," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, Economic Research Department, issue 34, pages 57-71, September.
  3. Theodoros Mitrakos & Panos Tsaklogou & Ioannis Cholezas, 2010. "Determinants of the wage rates in Greece with an emphasis on the wages of tertiary education graduates," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, Economic Research Department, issue 34, pages 7-40, September.
  4. Papaspyrou Theodoros, 2012. "EMU sustainability and the prospects of peripheral economies," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, Economic Research Department, issue 36, pages 7-29, April.
  5. Costas N. Kanellopoulos, 2012. "The Size and structure of uninsured employment," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, Economic Research Department, issue 37, pages 23-41, December.
  6. Vassilis Th. Rapanoss & Georgia Kaplanoglou, 2010. "Independent Fiscal Councils and Their Possible Role in Greece," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, Economic Research Department, issue 33, pages 7-20, May.
  7. Petros M Migiakis, 2010. "Determinants of the Greek stock-bond correlation," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, Economic Research Department, issue 33, pages 79-90, May.
  8. Zacharias Bragoudakis & Dimitrios Sideris, 2012. "Do retail gasoline prices adjust symmetrically to crude oil price changes? the case of the Greek oil market," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, Economic Research Department, issue 37, pages 7-21, December.
  9. Zacharias Bragoudakis & Stelios Panagiotou, 2010. "Determinants of the receipts from shipping services: the case of Greece," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, Economic Research Department, issue 34, pages 41-55, September.
  10. Hiona Balfoussia & Heather Gibson, 2010. "Inflation and Nominal Uncertainty: the case of Greece," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, Economic Research Department, issue 33, pages 63-78, May.
  11. Petros M. Migiakis, 2012. "Reviewing the proposals for common bond issuances by the euro-area sovereign under a long-term perspective," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, Economic Research Department, issue 37, pages 43-54, December.
  12. Theodore Mitrakos & Panos Tsakloglou & Ioannis Cholezas, 2010. "Determining factors of youth unemployment in Greece with emphasis on tertiary education graduates," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, Economic Research Department, issue 33, pages 21-62, May.
  13. Costas N. Kanellopoulos, 2012. "Employment and worker flows during the financial crisis," Economic Bulletin, Bank of Greece, Economic Research Department, issue 36, pages 31-41, April.

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