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On Gravity, Specialization and Intra‐industry Trade

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  • E. Young Song

Abstract

This paper derives the necessary and sufficient condition for the simple gravity equation to hold: the market share of an exporting country is constant across all importing countries. Specialization is just one example satisfying this condition. It holds in a variety of situations where multiple producers compete with a homogeneous good.Further, this paper shows that the ratio of bilateral trade to the product of partner incomes is increasing in the extent of specialization and in the intensity of intra-industry trade. Since the relationship is not model-specific, the correlations among these variables do not support any specific model.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Review of International Economics.

Volume (Year): 19 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 (08)
Pages: 494-508

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Handle: RePEc:bla:reviec:v:19:y:2011:i:3:p:494-508

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References

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  1. Maurice Obstfeld & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 1996. "Foundations of International Macroeconomics," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262150476, December.
  2. Nicita, Alessandro & Olarreaga, Marcelo, 2001. "Trade and production, 1976-99," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2701, The World Bank.
  3. Robert C. Feenstra & James A. Markusen & Andrew K. Rose, 1998. "Undertstanding the Home Market Effect and the Gravity Equation: The Role of Differentiating Goods," NBER Working Papers 6804, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Carolyn L. Evans, 2003. "The Economic Significance of National Border Effects," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(4), pages 1291-1312, September.
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Cited by:
  1. E. Yong Song & Chen Zhao, 2012. "Does Specialization Matter for Trade Imbalance at Industry Level?," Working Papers 1210, Research Institute for Market Economy, Sogang University.

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