An Empirical Analysis of Inward Foreign Direct Investment Flows in the EU with Emphasis on the Market Enlargement Hypothesis
AbstractWe use a cross-section, time-series approach to study the determinants of foreign direct investment (FDI) in the European Union (EU) with particular emphasis on the expectations of a single market following the Single European Act of 1987. Using annual data from the 1980s and early 1990s, we investigate the determinants of US and Japanese FDI in the EU by pooling the data by the host country. We find strong evidence in favour of a single market effect where the anticipation of a larger market size due to a barriers free European market leads to an increase in the inflows of FDI. In addition, our estimation results show that FDI flows in the EU also depend on market size and the real exchange rate (as a proxy of relative labour costs). Copyright 1996 BPL.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal Journal of Common Market Studies.
Volume (Year): 34 (1996)
Issue (Month): 4 (December)
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