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Conservation Tillage And Pesticide Use In The Cornbelt


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  • Fuglie, Keith O.


Adoption of conservation tillage can lead to substantial environmental benefits from reduced soil erosion. But benefits may be partially offset if adoption increases reliance on agricultural chemicals. Using area study data from the Cornbelt, this study examines factors affecting adoption of no-till and other conservation tillage systems and their effect on chemical use and corn yield. The results find no evidence that herbicide or fertilizer application rates are higher on fields with conservation tillage systems compared with conventional tillage. However, insecticide use may increase somewhat and yield may be lower. Current demographic trends in U.S. agriculture favor continued diffusion of conservation tillage.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Southern Agricultural Economics Association in its journal Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics.

Volume (Year): 31 (1999)
Issue (Month): 01 (April)

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Handle: RePEc:ags:joaaec:15138

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Keywords: conservation tillage; multinomial logit model; pesticides; technology adoption; Crop Production/Industries;


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Cited by:
  1. Knowler, Duncan & Bradshaw, Ben, 2007. "Farmers' adoption of conservation agriculture: A review and synthesis of recent research," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 25-48, February.
  2. Teklewold, Hailemariam & Kassie, Menale & Shiferaw, Bekele & Köhlin, Gunnar, 2013. "Cropping system diversification, conservation tillage and modern seed adoption in Ethiopia: Impacts on household income, agrochemical use and demand for labor," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 85-93.
  3. Kurkalova, Lyubov A. & Kling, Catherine L. & Zhao, Jinhua, 2001. "The Subsidy For Adopting Conservation Tillage: Estimation From Observed Behavior," 2001 Annual meeting, August 5-8, Chicago, IL 20542, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  4. Lankoski, Jussi E. & Ollikainen, Markku & Uusitalo, Pekka, 2005. "To Till or Not to Till? Social Profitability of No-Till Technology," 2005 International Congress, August 23-27, 2005, Copenhagen, Denmark 24755, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  5. Sparling, Beth & Brethour, Cher, 2007. "An Economic Evaluation of Beneficial Management Practices for Crop Nutrients in Canadian Agriculture," Annual Meeting, July 29-August 1, 2007, Portland, Oregon 10249, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society.
  6. Deal, John, 2004. "Crop Insurance, Government Agricultural Policies, And Soil Erosion," 2004 Annual meeting, August 1-4, Denver, CO 20159, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  7. Mitchell, Paul D., 2011. "Estimating Soil Erosion and Fuel Use Changes and Their Monetary Values with AGSIM: A Case Study for Triazine Herbicides," Staff Paper Series 563, University of Wisconsin, Agricultural and Applied Economics.
  8. Mitchell, Paul D., 2011. "Economic Assessment of the Benefits of Chloro-s-triazine Herbicides to U.S. Corn, Sorghum, and Sugarcane Producers," Staff Paper Series 564, University of Wisconsin, Agricultural and Applied Economics.
  9. Watkins, K. Bradley & Hill, Jason L. & Anders, Merle M. & Windham, Tony E., 2006. "Whole-Farm Evaluation of No-Till Profitability in Rice Production using Mixed Integer Programming," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 38(03), December.
  10. Dong, Fengxia & Mitchell, Paul D. & Davis, Vince M. & Recker, Ross, 2013. "Impact of Atrazine on the Sustainability of Weed Management in Wisconsin Corn Production," 2013 Annual Meeting, August 4-6, 2013, Washington, D.C. 150336, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  11. Wade, Tara & Kurkalova, Lyubov A. & Secchi, Silvia, 2012. "Using the logit model with aggregated choice data in estimation of Iowa corn farmers’ conservation tillage subsidies," 2012 Annual Meeting, August 12-14, 2012, Seattle, Washington 124974, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  12. Sankranti, Sridhar & Langemeier, Michael R., 2004. "Tillage Systems, Cropping Practices, Farm Characteristics And Efficiency," 2004 Annual Meeting, February 14-18, 2004, Tulsa, Oklahoma 34632, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.


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