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Selbständigkeit in Europa 1991 - 2003: Empirische Evidenz mit Länderdaten

  • Göggel, Kathrin
  • Gräb, Johannes
  • Pfeiffer, Friedhelm

In dieser Studie werden ausgewählte makroökonomische Determinanten der Anzahl der Selbständigen in fünfzehn Ländern Europas untersucht. Datenbasis sind die Arbeitskräfteerhebungen der Europäischen Union für die Jahre 1991 ? 2003. Ausgangspunkt der Studie ist der Rückgang der Anzahl der Selbständigen in diesem Zeitraum, bei gleichzeitigem Rückgang der Anzahl der Arbeitslosen und einer Zunahme des Bruttoinlandsprodukts pro Kopf. Paneldatenanalysen geben einen Hinweis darauf, dass sowohl die Anzahl der Arbeitslosen wie auch der Arbeitnehmer die Anzahl der Selbständigen erhöht, wohingegen das Bruttoinlandsprodukt pro Kopf einen negativen Einfluss ausübt, insbesondere auf die Anzahl der Einpersonenunternehmen. Ein höherer Realzins reduziert die Anzahl der Selbständigen, ebenso wie höhere durchschnittliche Steuern.

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Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 06-15.

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Date of creation: 2006
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:4594
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  1. Torrini, Roberto, 2005. "Cross-country differences in self-employment rates: the role of institutions," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(5), pages 661-683, October.
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  5. David G. Blanchflower, 2004. "Self-Employment: More may not be better," NBER Working Papers 10286, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  7. Martin T. Robson & Colin Wren, 1999. "Marginal and Average Tax Rates and the Incentive for Self-Employment," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 65(4), pages 757-773, April.
  8. Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 2005. "Existenzgründungen: Ein Weg zur Beschäftigungsförderung?," ZEW Discussion Papers 05-71, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  9. Daniela Glocker & Viktor Steiner, 2007. "Self-Employment - a Way to End Unemployment?: Empirical Evidence from German Pseudo-Panel Data," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 661, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  10. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521828130 is not listed on IDEAS
  11. Simon C. Parker & Martin T. Robson, 2004. "Explaining International Variations in Self-Employment: Evidence from a Panel of OECD Countries," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 71(2), pages 287-301, October.
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