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Selbständigkeit in Europa 1991 - 2003: Empirische Evidenz mit Länderdaten

  • Göggel, Kathrin
  • Gräb, Johannes
  • Pfeiffer, Friedhelm

In dieser Studie werden ausgewählte makroökonomische Determinanten der Anzahl der Selbständigen in fünfzehn Ländern Europas untersucht. Datenbasis sind die Arbeitskräfteerhebungen der Europäischen Union für die Jahre 1991 ? 2003. Ausgangspunkt der Studie ist der Rückgang der Anzahl der Selbständigen in diesem Zeitraum, bei gleichzeitigem Rückgang der Anzahl der Arbeitslosen und einer Zunahme des Bruttoinlandsprodukts pro Kopf. Paneldatenanalysen geben einen Hinweis darauf, dass sowohl die Anzahl der Arbeitslosen wie auch der Arbeitnehmer die Anzahl der Selbständigen erhöht, wohingegen das Bruttoinlandsprodukt pro Kopf einen negativen Einfluss ausübt, insbesondere auf die Anzahl der Einpersonenunternehmen. Ein höherer Realzins reduziert die Anzahl der Selbständigen, ebenso wie höhere durchschnittliche Steuern.

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Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 06-15.

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Date of creation: 2006
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:4594
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  1. Simeon Djankov & Rafael La Porta & Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes & Andre Shleifer, 2000. "The Regulation of Entry," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1904, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
  2. Glocker, Daniela & Steiner, Viktor, 2007. "Self-Employment: A Way to End Unemployment? Empirical Evidence from German Pseudo-Panel Data," IZA Discussion Papers 2561, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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  5. David G. Blanchflower, 2000. "Self-Employment in OECD Countries," NBER Working Papers 7486, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  7. Audretsch, David B & Carree, Martin A & Thurik, A R Roy & van Stel, André, 2005. "Does Self-Employment Reduce Unemployment?," CEPR Discussion Papers 5057, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. Roberto Torrini, 2002. "Cross-country differences in self-employment rates: the role of institutions," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 459, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  9. Simon C. Parker & Martin T. Robson, 2004. "Explaining International Variations in Self-Employment: Evidence from a Panel of OECD Countries," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 71(2), pages 287-301, October.
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