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Ausschluss und Zwang in Kollektiven


  • Mackscheidt, Klaus
  • Banov, Bancho


Mitgliedzwang in Kollektiven wird mit dem Argument verteidigt, dass nur so der gewöhnlich unerfahrene Kunde einer beruflichen Leistung vor schadhafter Arbeit mit eventuell katastrophalen Folgen geschützt sei: die Zwangsmitgliedschaft als typischer Fall zur Aufhebung oder Abmilderung asymmetrischer Informationen. Die Gefahr ist jedoch immer immanent, dass eher berufliche Kartelle zur Absicherung eines gesichert hohen Einkommens der Mitglieder entstehen und die Gesellschaft somit wegen der Einschränkung des Wettbewerbs einen Wohlfahrtsverlust erleidet. In diesem Beitrag wird gezeigt, dass es neben den Grundtypen der Zwangsmitgliedschaft noch viele andere versteckte Typen der Mitgliederexklusivität gibt, die den Kollektivmitgliedern finanzielle und statusmäßige Vorteile gewähren, die insgesamt aber zulasten der Wohlfahrt aller übrigen Gesellschaftsmitglieder gehen. Zum Abschluss wird gezeigt, dass die Ausbeutung der breiten Gesellschaft durch die Berufs- und Parteielite in den Zentralverwaltungswirtschaften ein typischer Fall der angewandten Kollektivgütertheorie ist und längst vorher hätte entdeckt werden können.

Suggested Citation

  • Mackscheidt, Klaus & Banov, Bancho, 2010. "Ausschluss und Zwang in Kollektiven," FiFo Discussion Papers - Finanzwissenschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge 10-1, University of Cologne, FiFo Institute for Public Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:uoccpe:101

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    Zwangsmitgliedschaft in Kollektiven; Compulsory Memberships in Collectives;

    JEL classification:

    • D71 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Social Choice; Clubs; Committees; Associations
    • D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
    • H4 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods


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