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Test procedures for unit roots in time series with level shifts at unknown time


  • Lanne, Markku
  • Lütkepohl, Helmut
  • Saikkonen, Pentti


Two types of unit root tests which accommodate a structural level shift at a known point in time are extended to the situation where the break date is unknown. It is shown that for any estimator for the break date the tests have the same asymptotic distribution as the corresponding tests under the known break date assumption. Different estimators of the break date are compared in a Monte Carlo experiment and a recommendation for choosing the break date in small samples is given. It is also shown that ignoring the fact that a break has occurred and applying a standard unit root test may lead to substantial size distortion and total loss of power. Example series from the Nelson-Plosser data set are used to illustrate the performance of our tests.

Suggested Citation

  • Lanne, Markku & Lütkepohl, Helmut & Saikkonen, Pentti, 2001. "Test procedures for unit roots in time series with level shifts at unknown time," SFB 373 Discussion Papers 2001,39, Humboldt University of Berlin, Interdisciplinary Research Project 373: Quantification and Simulation of Economic Processes.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:sfb373:200139

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    Univariate time series; unit root; structural shift; autoregression;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General


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