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Utjecaj financijske krize na globalno tržište rada

  • Alka Obadić

    ()

    (Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Zagreb)

Usporavanje ekonomskog rasta uzrokovano financijskom krizom iz 2008. godine očitovalo se u smanjenoj agregatnoj potražnji te time i smanjenom potrebom za zaposlenima. U ovom radu analizira se utjecaj svjetske financijske krize na potrebu za radom te činjenica kako smanjena ekonomska aktivnosti povećava različite oblike nesigurnog zapošljavanja i ranjivih skupina zaposlenosti. Gubici radnih mjesta smanjeni su poticanjem potražnje za radom, mjerama zadržavanja zaposlenih te porastom zaposlenja uz skraćeno radno vrijeme. Do značajnijeg smanjivanja zaposlenosti došlo je u najdinamičnijim sektorima, koji su temeljeni na izvozu, građevinarstvu i proizvodnji. Na području Europe najveći gubitak radnih mjesta ostvario se u industrijskom sektoru, a najmanji u sektoru usluga. Analiza zakonske zaštite zaposlenja pokazuje kako stroga zaštita zaposlenja ne može spriječiti visoku nezaposlenost te kako, s druge strane, fleksibilnija tržišta ne vode nužno većoj nezaposlenosti. Zaključuje se kako bi politike na tržištu rada u uvjetima krize trebale obuhvatiti kombinaciju pasivnih i aktivnih programa, koji bi stabilizirali zaposlenost i plaće te bi se istovremeno trebalo težiti fleksibilnosti i sigurnosti.

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File URL: http://web.efzg.hr/repec/pdf/Clanak%2011-07.pdf
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Paper provided by Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Zagreb in its series EFZG Working Papers Series with number 1107.

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Length: 16
Date of creation: 11 Nov 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:zag:wpaper:1107
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