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Utjecaj financijske krize na globalno tržište rada

Author

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  • Alka Obadić

    () (Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Zagreb)

Abstract

Usporavanje ekonomskog rasta uzrokovano financijskom krizom iz 2008. godine očitovalo se u smanjenoj agregatnoj potražnji te time i smanjenom potrebom za zaposlenima. U ovom radu analizira se utjecaj svjetske financijske krize na potrebu za radom te činjenica kako smanjena ekonomska aktivnosti povećava različite oblike nesigurnog zapošljavanja i ranjivih skupina zaposlenosti. Gubici radnih mjesta smanjeni su poticanjem potražnje za radom, mjerama zadržavanja zaposlenih te porastom zaposlenja uz skraćeno radno vrijeme. Do značajnijeg smanjivanja zaposlenosti došlo je u najdinamičnijim sektorima, koji su temeljeni na izvozu, građevinarstvu i proizvodnji. Na području Europe najveći gubitak radnih mjesta ostvario se u industrijskom sektoru, a najmanji u sektoru usluga. Analiza zakonske zaštite zaposlenja pokazuje kako stroga zaštita zaposlenja ne može spriječiti visoku nezaposlenost te kako, s druge strane, fleksibilnija tržišta ne vode nužno većoj nezaposlenosti. Zaključuje se kako bi politike na tržištu rada u uvjetima krize trebale obuhvatiti kombinaciju pasivnih i aktivnih programa, koji bi stabilizirali zaposlenost i plaće te bi se istovremeno trebalo težiti fleksibilnosti i sigurnosti.

Suggested Citation

  • Alka Obadić, 2011. "Utjecaj financijske krize na globalno tržište rada," EFZG Working Papers Series 1107, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Zagreb.
  • Handle: RePEc:zag:wpaper:1107
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Frankel, Jeffrey & Poonawala, Jumana, 2010. "The forward market in emerging currencies: Less biased than in major currencies," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 585-598, April.
    2. Arghyrou, Michael G. & Gregoriou, Andros & Kontonikas, Alexandros, 2009. "Do real interest rates converge? Evidence from the European union," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 447-460, July.
    3. Junsoo Lee & Mark C. Strazicich, 2013. "Minimum LM unit root test with one structural break," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 33(4), pages 2483-2492.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    efekti krize; ranjive skupine; institucije na tržištu rada; EU; CESEE;

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy

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