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Technical efficiency change and finance constraints: an empirical analysis for the Italian manufacturing, 1989-1994


  • Vania Sena


The purpose of this paper is to test whether finance constraints create an incentive for debt-constrained firms to improve efficiency along time, using a sample of 1124 firms from the Italian manufac- turing over the period 1989-1994. Technical efficiency change indices are derived using a new approach based on the estimation of distance parametric frontiers. These are then regressed on measures of fin- ance constraints to analyze their impact on firms' efficiency growth. The results support the hypothesis that technical efficiency change is affected by the external resources availability; more precisely, once a firm is subject to finance constraints, it has an incentive to improve its technical efficiency over time to guarantee positive profits and gains in productivity.

Suggested Citation

  • Vania Sena, "undated". "Technical efficiency change and finance constraints: an empirical analysis for the Italian manufacturing, 1989-1994," Discussion Papers 98/8, Department of Economics, University of York.
  • Handle: RePEc:yor:yorken:98/8

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Zuckerman, Stephen & Hadley, Jack & Iezzoni, Lisa, 1994. "Measuring hospital efficiency with frontier cost functions," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(3), pages 255-280, October.
    2. Charnes, A. & Cooper, W. W. & Rhodes, E., 1978. "Measuring the efficiency of decision making units," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 2(6), pages 429-444, November.
    3. Vitaliano, Donald F. & Toren, Mark, 1994. "Cost and efficiency in nursing homes: a stochastic frontier approach," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(3), pages 281-300, October.
    4. Ellis, Randall P. & McGuire, Thomas G., 1996. "Hospital response to prospective payment: Moral hazard, selection, and practice-style effects," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 257-277, June.
    5. Hodgkin, Dominic & McGuire, Thomas G., 1994. "Payment levels and hospital response to prospective payment," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(1), pages 1-29, March.
    6. Newhouse, Joseph P., 1994. "Frontier estimation: How useful a tool for health economics?," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(3), pages 317-322, October.
    7. Kooreman, Peter, 1994. "Nursing home care in The Netherlands: a nonparametric efficiency analysis," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(3), pages 301-316, October.
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