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Income Taxation, Environmental Emissions and Technical Progress

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  • Perroni, Carlo

Abstract

This paper examines the implications of environmental externalities for income tax design in a growing economy. We describe a model with endogenously generated knowledge, in which technical progress reduces the emissions generated by production activities. In this setting, the lack of internalization of environmental externalities results in an above-optimal long-run rate of growth and leads to an inefficient input mix. If emission taxes are infeasible, differential income tax sheltering of physical and knowledge investment can be effective as a second best remedy. Simulation results from a calibrated model, under a uniform specification of intertemporal and intratemporal substitution possibilities, indicate that the intertemporal allocative effects associated with environmental externalities could dominate intratemporal distortions ; hence, income tax reform could outperform indirect tax reform as a second-best Pigouvian instrument, and perform well in comparison with a first-best instrument, even in economies where environmental emissions are sectorally concentrated.

Suggested Citation

  • Perroni, Carlo, 1995. "Income Taxation, Environmental Emissions and Technical Progress," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 436, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:wrk:warwec:436
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    File URL: https://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/economics/research/workingpapers/1995-1998/twerp436.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Ghysels, Eric & Lee, Hahn S & Siklos, Pierre L, 1993. "On the (Mis)Specification of Seasonality and Its Consequences: An Empirical Investigation with U.S. Data," Empirical Economics, Springer, pages 747-760.
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    3. Lee, Hahn Shik & Siklos, Pierre L., 1991. "Unit roots and seasonal unit roots in macroeconomic time series : Canadian evidence," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 273-277, March.
    4. Joseph Beaulieu, J. & Miron, Jeffrey A., 1993. "Seasonal unit roots in aggregate U.S. data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 55(1-2), pages 305-328.
    5. Perron, Pierre, 1989. "The Great Crash, the Oil Price Shock, and the Unit Root Hypothesis," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 57(6), pages 1361-1401, November.
    6. Franses, P.H. & McAleer, M., 1995. "Testing Nested and Non-Nested Periodically Integrated Autoregressive Models," Papers 9510, Tilburg - Center for Economic Research.
    7. Engle, R. F. & Granger, C. W. J. & Hylleberg, S. & Lee, H. S., 1993. "The Japanese consumption function," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 55(1-2), pages 275-298.
    8. Ghysels, Eric & Lee, Hahn S. & Noh, Jaesum, 1994. "Testing for unit roots in seasonal time series : Some theoretical extensions and a Monte Carlo investigation," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 62(2), pages 415-442, June.
    9. Otto, Glenn & Wirjanto, Tony, 1990. "Seasonal unit-root tests on Canadian macroeconomic time series," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 117-120, October.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • Q20 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - General

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