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L’expérimentation en économie et en psychologie: une comparaison méthodologique

Author

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  • Ohana Marc

    (GREQAM, University of Aix-Marseille)

Abstract

L’objet de ce travail est de souligner les divergences qui ont amené les expérimentateurs en économie à se démarquer de la méthodologie expérimentale introduite par les psychologues. Après avoir rappelé en quoi consiste une expérience de laboratoire et quels sont les principes de l’expérimentation, l’article discute des différences les plus couramment admises entre expérimentation en économie et en psychologie (incitation financière et utilisation de la tromperie), avant d’introduire ce qui nous semble être la différence fondamentale : l’absence de contexte explicite dans les expériences d’économie.

Suggested Citation

  • Ohana Marc, 2004. "L’expérimentation en économie et en psychologie: une comparaison méthodologique," Method and Hist of Econ Thought 0405003, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpmh:0405003
    Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 27
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    File URL: http://econwpa.repec.org/eps/mhet/papers/0405/0405003.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Etchart-Vincent, Nathalie, 2007. "Expérimentation de laboratoire et économie : contre quelques idées reçues et faux problèmes," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 83(1), pages 91-116, mars.
    2. Ohana, Marc, 2009. "La réciprocité sur le marché du travail : les limites du laboratoire," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 85(2), pages 239-256, juin.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    methodology; experimentation; psychology; financial incentives; deception; context; méthodologie; expérimentation; psychologie; incitation financière; tromperie; contextualisation;

    JEL classification:

    • A12 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Other Disciplines
    • B4 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology
    • C9 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments

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