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Análisis y medición de las interacciones en los Sistemas Regionales de Innovación. Su relación con la trayectoria histórica y tecnológica de las regiones

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  • Jon Mikel Zabala Iturriagagoitia

    (Institute of Innovation & Knowledge Management. INGENIO CSIC-UPV)

Abstract

La conceptualización de los Sistemas Regionales de Innovación (Cooke y Morgan, 1993; Autio et al., 2004) puede ser considerada como una extensión y/o adaptación del concepto de los Sistemas Nacionales de Innovación surgidos a partir de los trabajos de Freeman (1987), Nelson (ed., 1993) y Lundvall (ed., 1992) y en el consiguiente desarrollo de Edquist (ed., 1997), consistente en analizar la existencia de los actores o agentes (instituciones, clusters, universidades, industrias…), las competencias o características regionales, y las interacciones que a modo de Redes de Innovación (Innovation Networks) se producen entre ellos, dotando de este modo a las autoridades regionales de una herramienta para la definición de políticas para incrementar su competitividad. En este contexto, las prácticas de cooperación a través de la interacción de los diferentes agentes de los Sistemas de Innovación, adquieren singular importancia. Sin embargo, la bibliografía existente sobre el tema es escasa, en especial en referencia a aquellos aspectos encaminados a su medición. Es este vacío el que motiva la presente investigación la cual se plantea como objetivo la definición de una metodología que permita abordar la medición de las interacciones entre los agentes que constituyen un Sistema de Innovación. Con la realización de la presente investigación se espera contribuir con un modelo y una serie de métricas que permitan ayudar a cuantificar y a cualificar las interacciones que se producen entre los agentes que constituyen un Sistema de Innovación, y en la medida de los posible, determinar la dependencia que éstas tienen del territorio en el que se desarrollan, es decir, de la trayectoria histórica y tecnológica del mismo.

Suggested Citation

  • Jon Mikel Zabala Iturriagagoitia, 2005. "Análisis y medición de las interacciones en los Sistemas Regionales de Innovación. Su relación con la trayectoria histórica y tecnológica de las regiones," Macroeconomics 0503007, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpma:0503007 Note: Type of Document - doc; pages: 90. PhD dissertation done at the Polytechnic University of Valencia, in July 2004.
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Regional Innovation Systems; Path-dependence; Interactions; Indicators; Innovation Networks.;

    JEL classification:

    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • P51 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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