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The Economic Analysiz Of Women’S Education - Kadin Egýtýmýnýn Ekonomýk Analýzý

Listed author(s):
  • ibrahim güran yumusak

    (Kocaeli University)

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    In a number of works on education of women, it has been asserted that educating a woman is equal to educating a family and that women are worth training more than their counterparts, men. However, despite the fact that positive contribution of women’s education to the economy and society has been long known, education of women in many nations, particularly in developing countries, needs to attract more attention. This paper analyses the economic dimension of women education and examines its possible contributions to developing countries. First, it explores the current state of women’s education, then analyses its economic dimension in terms of the impacts of education on private and social returns. Finally, it presents an evaluation of the importance of women’s education for developing countries. The findings include: First, the net returns of education and training on women are much more there of men. Second, the returns of education of women in developing countries are more than in developed nations. Third, equality of gender in education process do affect economic development positively. These findings provide the economical reason for the need for increasing the education level of women. Kadýn eðitimiyle ilgili bir çok çalýþmada, bir kadýný eðitmenin, bir aileyi eðitmekle eþdeðer olduðu ve bir erkeði eðitmeye göre daha önemli olduðu vurgulanmaktadýr. Kadýn eðitiminin ekonomiye ve topluma olumlu katkýlarý bilinmesine raðmen özellikle geliþmekte olan ülkelerde kadýnlarýn eðitimine daha fazla önem verilmesi gerektiði çok dikkate alýnmamaktadýr. Bildiri, kadýn eðitiminin ekonomik boyutunu analiz etmekte ve geliþmekte olan ülkelere saðlayacaðý katkýlarý incelemektedir. Birinci bölümünde, kadýnýn eðitim durumunun tespiti yapýlmakta, ikinci bölümünde ise kadýn eðitiminin ekonomik boyutu, eðitimin kiþisel ve sosyal getirileri açýsýndan ele alýnmaktadýr. Son bölümde ise, kadýn eðitiminin geliþmekte olan ülkeler açýsýndan önemi anlatýlmaktadýr. Kadýn eðitimin getirilerini hesaplamaya yönelik yapýlan çalýþmalarda; Eðitimin kadýnlara saðladýðý getirinin, erkeklere göre daha yüksek olduðu, geliþmekte olan ülkelerde, eðitimin getirisinin, geliþmiþ ülkelerinkinden daha fazla olduðu bulgularýna ulaþýlmýþtýr. Ayrýca, eðitimde cinsiyet eþitliðinin saðlanmasý, iktisadi geliþmeyi olumlu etkilemektedir. Bu bulgular, kadýnlarýn eðitim düzeylerinin yükseltilmesi gereðinin ekonomik gerekçesini oluþturmaktadýr.

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    Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Macroeconomics with number 0404025.

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    Length: 11 pages
    Date of creation: 26 Apr 2004
    Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpma:0404025
    Note: Type of Document - doc; pages: 11
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