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Pautas cíclicas en el desempleo europeo

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  • Raquel Llorente Heras

    (Institute Universitary of Economic & Social Analysis SERVILAB - University of Alcala - Spain)

Abstract

A través del estudio de la dispersión entre las diferentes tasas de desempleo, el artículo comienza confirmando que existe un leve pero cierto proceso de convergencia. A partir de este punto se pretende cuantificar en que medida la evolución cíclica del desempleo dentro de cada uno de los países miembros de la UE esta contribuyendo a dicho proceso. Es decir, se trata de ver si se puede aproximar un proceso de acercamiento o no entre los ciclos del desempleo europeos. Si los ciclos europeos fueran próximos implicaría cierta aproximación a la existencia de un mercado de trabajo único donde se puedan desarrollar políticas laborales comunes y similares a todos los países miembros. Por otra parte, si todos los países europeos estuvieran dominados por el mismo ciclo la existencia de shock asimétricos sería más difícil de producirse. La estructura del artículo sigue el siguiente esquema. En primer lugar, se desarrolla un análisis de cointegración para conocer cuál es la evolución tendencial del desempleo. Posteriormente, a través del desarrollo del filtro de Hodrick y Prescott (1977) se analiza cuál es la evolución cíclica del desempleo. Y por último, se calculan una serie de funciones impulso-respuesta en un intento por descubrir la existencia de un comportamiento similar a nivel europeo ante un mismo shock en el desempleo.

Suggested Citation

  • Raquel Llorente Heras, 2005. "Pautas cíclicas en el desempleo europeo," Labor and Demography 0505020, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpla:0505020 Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 29. This paper are from the working papers of Institute Universitary of the Economic and Social Analysis (SERVILAB) - University of Alcala - Spain
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    desempleo; ciclos; cointegración; UE;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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