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Asymmetry, Persistence And Non-Linearity Of Spanish Unemployment Rates


  • Jose Maria Casado Garcia

    (University College London)

  • Javier Trivez Bielsa

    (Universidad de Zaragoza)


The asymmetry or counter-cyclical nature and its influence on the persistence of the number of registered unemployed is one of the classic subjects of analysis in economic theory, which has not been tackled in the studies carried out on Spanish unemployment, focusing on demonstrating its long memory and generating macro-economic models with autoregressive vectors in which the unemployment variable is presumed to be non-stationary and co-integrated. Its consideration in this article, with smooth transition autoregressive (STAR) models, which detect the different existing regimes and the velocity of change, not only allows us to improve the short-term specification and forecast of the variable, but also it leads us to suppose, the same as Skalin and Teräsvirta (2002), a behaviour for unemployment which is locally non-stationary in a globally stable model.

Suggested Citation

  • Jose Maria Casado Garcia & Javier Trivez Bielsa, 2004. "Asymmetry, Persistence And Non-Linearity Of Spanish Unemployment Rates," General Economics and Teaching 0406001, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpgt:0406001
    Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 33

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    Cited by:

    1. Guglielmo Maria Caporale & Luis Gil-Alana, 2018. "The asymmetric behaviour of spanish unemployment persistence," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 38(1), pages 98-104.

    More about this item


    Persistence; asymmetry; non-linearity; smooth transition autoregressive models; time series; unemployment.;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity


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