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The Transfer of Control in British and German IPOs


  • Marc Goergen

    (ISMA Centre, University of Reading)


This paper analyses the evolution of ownership and control in German and UK IPOs. In a first stage we try to explain why the pre-IPO shareholders of some firms sell out whereas those of other firms do not. German IPOs are matched by size with UK IPOs to obtain a first sample and matched by industry to obtain a second sample. Ownership and control for both matched samples evolves in a different way. An empirical model based on recent theories of ownership is specified, which explains differences in ownership within and across the two countries. The main explanatory factors are different levels of risk, liquidity constraints of the initial shareholders and different levels of pre-IPO ownership concentration. In a second stage we examine whether the targets of takeovers have different characteristics than firms that become widely held. We do not find any major differences.

Suggested Citation

  • Marc Goergen, 1998. "The Transfer of Control in British and German IPOs," Finance 9804005, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpfi:9804005
    Note: Type of Document - ; prepared on IBM PC pdf file

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    Cited by:

    1. Ravi Jagannathan & Ann E. Sherman, 2006. "Why Do IPO Auctions Fail?," NBER Working Papers 12151, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

    More about this item


    IPOs; corporate governance; corporate ownership;

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance

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